Tracing the origin and evolutionary history of plant nucleotide-binding site–leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
© 2011 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2011 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 193, Issue 4, pages 1049–1063, March 2012
How to Cite
Yue, J.-X., Meyers, B. C., Chen, J.-Q., Tian, D. and Yang, S. (2012), Tracing the origin and evolutionary history of plant nucleotide-binding site–leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes. New Phytologist, 193: 1049–1063. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.04006.x
- Issue published online: 2 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2011
- Received: 4 October 2011, Accepted: 11 November 2011
- domain reorganization;
- evolutionary history;
- nucleotide-binding site–leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes;
- resistance (R) genes
- •Plant disease resistance genes (R genes) encode proteins that function to monitor signals indicating pathogenic infection, thus playing a critical role in the plant’s defense system. Although many studies have been performed to explore the functional details of these important genes, their origin and evolutionary history remain unclear.
- •In this study, focusing on the largest group of R genes, the nucleotide-binding site–leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) genes, we conducted an extensive genome-wide survey of 38 representative model organisms and obtained insights into the evolutionary stage and timing of NBS-LRR genes.
- •Our data show that the two major domains, NBS and LRR, existed before the split of prokaryotes and eukaryotes but their fusion was observed only in land plant lineages. The Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) class of NBS-LRR genes probably had an earlier origin than its nonTIR counterpart. The similarities of the innate immune systems of plants and animals are likely to have been shaped by convergent evolution after their independent origins.
- •Our findings start to unravel the evolutionary history of these important genes from the perspective of comparative genomics and also highlight the important role of reorganizing pre-existing building blocks in generating evolutionary novelties.