SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Al Ahmad H, Dwyer J, Moloney M, Gressel J. 2006. Mitigation of establishment of Brassica napus transgenes in volunteers using a tandem construct containing a selectively unfit gene. Plant Biotechnology Journal 4: 721.
  • Allainguillaume J, Harwood T, Ford CS, Cuccato G, Norris C, Allender CJ, Welters R, King GJ, Wilkinson MJ. 2009. Rapeseed cytoplasm gives advantage in wild relatives and complicates genetically modified crop biocontainment. New Phytologist 183: 12011211.
  • Allen TH. 1999. Areal distribution, change, and restoration potential of wetlands within the lower Columbia River riparian zone, 1948–1991. PhD thesis, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA.
  • Beckie HJ, Hall LM, Simard MJ, Leeson JY, Willenborg CJ. 2010. A framework for post-release environmental monitoring of second-generation crops with novel traits. Crop Science 50: 15871604.
  • Benetka V, Mottl J, Vackova K, Pošpísková M, Dubsky M. 1999. Estimation of the introgression level in Populus nigra L. populations by means of isozyme gene markers. Silvae Genetica 48: 218223.
  • Boerjan W. 2005. Biotechnology and the domestication of forest trees. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 16: 159166.
  • Box GP, Hunter WG, Hunter JS. 1978. Statistics for experiments. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Braatne JH, Jamieson R, Gill KM, Rood SB. 2007. Instream flows and the decline of riparian cottonwoods along the Yakima River, Washington, USA. River Research and Applications 23: 247267.
  • Brunner AM, Busov VB, Strauss SH. 2004. Poplar genome sequence: functional genomics in an ecologically dominant plant species. Trends in Plant Science 9: 4956.
  • Brunner AM, Li JY, DiFazio SP, Shevchenko O, Montgomery BE, Mohamed R, Wei H, Ma C, Elias AA, VanWormer K et al. 2007. Genetic containment of forest plantations. Tree Genetics & Genomes 3: 75100.
  • Chandler S, Dunwell JM. 2008. Gene flow, risk assessment and the environmental release of transgenic plants. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 27: 2549.
  • Chapman MA, Burke JM. 2006. Letting the gene out of the bottle: the population genetics of genetically modified crops. New Phytologist 170: 429443.
  • Clark JS, Fastie C, Hurtt G, Jackson ST, Johnson C, King GA, Lewis M, Lynch J, Pacala S, Prentice C et al. 1998. Reid’s paradox of rapid plant migration: dispersal theory and interpretation of palaeoecological records. BioScience 48: 1324.
  • Csencsics D, Angelone S, Paniga M, Rotach P, Rudow A, Sabiote E, Schwab P, Wohlhauser P, Holderegger R. 2009. A large scale survey of Populus nigra presence and genetic introgression from non-native poplars in Switzerland based on molecular identification. Journal for Nature Conservation 17: 142149.
  • Daniell H. 2002. Molecular strategies for gene containment in transgenic crops. Nature Biotechnology 20: 581586.
  • DeBell DS. 1990. Populus trichocarpa Torr. & Gray, Black Cottonwood. In: Burns RM, Honkala BH, eds. Silvics of North America Vol. 2. Hardwoods. USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 654. Washington, DC, USA: USDA Forest Service, 570576.
  • Doty SL, James CA, Moore AL, Vajzovic A, Singleton GL, Ma C, Khan Z, Xin G, Kang JW, Park AY et al. 2007. Enhanced phytoremediation of volatile environmental pollutants with transgenic trees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 1681616821.
  • Eckenwalder JE. 1984. Natural intersectional hybridization between North American species of Populus (Salicaceae) in sections Aigeiros and Tacamahaca. I. Population studies of P. x parryi. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 317324.
  • Ellison AM, Bank MS, Clinton BD, Colburn EA, Elliott K, Ford CR, Foster DR, Kloeppel BD, Knoepp JD, Lovett GM et al. 2005. Loss of foundation species: consequences for the structure and dynamics of forested ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3: 479486.
  • van Frankenhuyzen K, Beardmore T. 2004. Current status and environmental impact of transgenic forest trees. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 34: 11631180.
  • Gould F. 1998. Sustainability of transgenic insecticidal cultivars: integrating pest genetics and ecology. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 701726.
  • Graham RL, Hunsaker CT, O’Neill RV, Jackson BL. 1991. Ecological risk assessment at the regional scale. Ecological Applications 1: 196206.
  • Gressel J. 1999. Tandem constructs: preventing the rise of superweeds. Trends in Biotechnology 17: 361366.
  • Hails RS, Morley K. 2005. Genes invading new populations: a risk assessment perspective. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 20: 245252.
  • Hancock JF. 2003. A framework for assessing the risk of transgenic crops. BioScience 53: 512519.
  • Haygood R, Ives AR, Andow DA. 2004. Population genetics of transgene containment. Ecology Letters 7: 213220.
  • Heinze B. 1997. A PCR marker for a Populus deltoides allele and its use in studying introgression with native European Populus nigra. Belgian Journal of Botany 129: 123130.
  • Higgins SI, Clark JS, Nathan R, Hovestadt T, Schurr F, Fragoso JMV, Aguiar MR, Ribbens E, Lavorel S. 2003. Forecasting plant migration rates: managing uncertainty for risk assessment. Journal of Ecology 91: 341347.
  • Hinchee M, Rottmann W, Mullinax L, Zhang CS, Chang SJ, Cunningham M, Pearson L, Nehra N. 2009. Short-rotation woody crops for bioenergy and biofuels applications. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant 45: 619629.
  • Hoenicka H, Fladung M. 2006. Biosafety in Populus spp. and other forest trees: from non-native species to taxa derived from traditional breeding and genetic engineering. Trees – Structure and Function 20: 131144.
  • Huang JG, Tardif J, Denneler B, Bergeron Y, Berninger F. 2008. Tree-ring evidence extends the historic northern range limit of severe defoliation by insects in the aspen stands of western Quebec, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 25352544.
  • James RR, DiFazio SP, Brunner AM, Strauss SH. 1998. Environmental effects of genetically engineered woody biomass crops. Biomass & Bioenergy 14: 403414.
  • Kareiva P, Parker IM, Pascual M. 1996. Can we use experiments and models in predicting the invasiveness of genetically engineered organisms? Ecology 77: 16701675.
  • Kuparinen A, Schurr FM. 2007. A flexible modelling framework linking the spatio-temporal dynamics of plant genotypes and populations: application to gene flow from transgenic forests. Ecological Modelling 202: 476486.
  • Kuparinen A, Schurr FM. 2008. Assessing the risk of gene flow from genetically modified trees carrying mitigation transgenes. Biological Invasions 10: 281290.
  • Kwit C, Moon HS, Warwick SI, Stewart CN. 2011. Transgene introgression in crop relatives: molecular evidence and mitigation strategies. Trends in Biotechnology 29: 284293.
  • MacArthur RH, Levins R. 1967. The limiting similarity, convergence, and divergence of coexisting species. American Naturalist 101: 377385.
  • Mason P, Braun L, Warwick SI, Zhu B, Stewart CN Jr. 2003. Transgenic Bt-producing Brassica napus: Plutella xylostella selection pressure and fitness of weedy relatives. Environmental Biosafety Research 2: 263276.
  • Meirmans PG, Bousquet J, Isabel N. 2009. A metapopulation model for the introgression from genetically modified plants into their wild relatives. Evolutionary Applications 2: 160171.
  • Meirmans PG, Lamothe M, Gros-Louis MC, Khasa D, Perinet P, Bousquet J, Isabel N. 2010. Complex patterns of hybridization between exotic and native North American poplar species. American Journal of Botany 97: 16881697.
  • Moon HS, Li Y, Stewart CN. 2009. Keeping the genie in the bottle: transgene biocontainment by excision in pollen. Trends in Biotechnology 28: 38.
  • Nathan R, Katul GG, Horn HS, Thomas SM, Oren R, Avissar R, Pacala SW, Levin SA. 2002. Mechanisms of long-distance dispersal of seeds by wind. Nature 418: 409413.
  • Pedersen JF, Vogel KP, Funnell DL. 2005. Impact of reduced lignin on plant fitness. Crop Science 45: 812819.
  • Perlack RD, Wright LL, Turhollow AF, Graham RL, Stokes BJ, Erbach DC. 2005. Biomass as feedstock for a bioenergy and bioproducts industry: the technical feasibility of a billion-ton annual supply. Oak Ridge, TN, USA: Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
  • Pošpísková M, Šálková I. 2006. Population structure and parentage analysis of black poplar along the Morava River. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36: 10671076.
  • Raybould A. 2007. Ecological versus ecotoxicological methods for assessing the environmental risks of transgenic crops. Plant Science 173: 589602.
  • Reichman JR, Watrud LS, Lee EH, Burdick CA, Bollman MA, Storm MJ, King GA, Mallory-Smith C. 2006. Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in nonagronomic habitats. Molecular Ecology 15: 42434255.
  • Roland J. 1993. Large-scale forest fragmentation increases the duration of tent caterpillar outbreak. Oecologia 93: 2530.
  • Sears MK, Hellmich RL, Stanley-Horn DE, Oberhauser KS, Pleasants JM, Mattila HR, Siegfried BD, Dively GP. 2001. Impact of Bt corn pollen on monarch butterfly populations: a risk assessment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98: 1193711942.
  • Sedjo R. 2005. Will developing countries be the early adapters of genetically engineered forests? AbBioForum 8: 205212.
  • Shugart HH. 1998. Terrestrial Ecosystems in Changing Environments. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
  • Slavov GT, Howe GT, Gyaourova AV, Birkes DS, Adams WT. 2005. Estimating pollen flow using SSR markers and paternity exclusion: accounting for mistyping. Molecular Ecology 14: 31093121.
  • Slavov GT, Leonardi S, Adams WT, Strauss SH, DiFazio SP. 2010. Population substructure in continuous and fragmented stands of Populus trichocarpa. Heredity 105: 348357.
  • Slavov GT, Leonardi S, Burczyk J, Adams WT, Strauss SH, DiFazio SP. 2009. Extensive pollen flow in two ecologically contrasting populations of Populus trichocarpa. Molecular Ecology 18: 357373.
  • Smouse PE, Robledo-Arnuncio JJ, Gonzalez-Martinez SC. 2007. Implications of natural propagule flow for containment of genetically modified forest trees. Tree Genetics & Genomes 3: 141152.
  • Smulders MJM, Beringen R, Volosyanchuk R, Broeck AV, Van Der Schoot J, Arens P, Vosman B. 2008. Natural hybridisation between Populus nigra L. and P. x canadensis Moench. hybrid offspring competes for niches along the Rhine River in the Netherlands. Tree Genetics & Genomes 4: 663675.
  • Snow AA, Andow DA, Gepts P, Hallerman EM, Power A, Tiedje JM, Wolfenbarger LL. 2005. Genetically engineered organisms and the environment: current status and recommendations. Ecological Applications 15: 377404.
  • Stewart CN, Halfhill MD, Warwick SI. 2003. Transgene introgression from genetically modified crops to their wild relatives. Nature Reviews Genetics 4: 806817.
  • Stewart CN, Prakash CS. 1998. Chloroplast-transgenic plants are not a gene flow panacea. Nature Biotechnology 16: 401.
  • Strauss SH. 2003. Genetic technologies – Genomics, genetic engineering, and domestication of crops. Science 300: 6162.
  • Strauss SH, Brunner AM, Busov VB, Ma CP, Meilan R. 2004. Ten lessons from 15 years of transgenic Populus research. Forestry 77: 455465.
  • Strauss SH, DiFazio SP, Meilan R. 2001. Genetically modified poplars in context. Forestry Chronicle 77: 271279.
  • Strauss SH, Kershen DL, Bouton JH, Redick TP, Tan HM, Sedjo RA. 2010. Far-reaching deleterious impacts of regulations on research and environmental studies of recombinant DNA-modified perennial biofuel crops in the United States. BioScience 60: 729741.
  • Strauss SH, Knowe SA, Jenkins J. 1997. Benefits and risks of transgenic Roundup Ready Cottonwoods. Journal of Forestry 95: 1219.
  • Svab Z, Maliga P. 2007. Exceptional transmission of plastids and mitochondria from the transplastomic pollen parent and its impact on transgene containment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 70037008.
  • Thompson SL, Lamothe M, Meirmans PG, Perinet P, Isabel N. 2010. Repeated unidirectional introgression towards Populus balsamifera in contact zones of exotic and native poplars. Molecular Ecology 19: 132145.
  • Tuskan GA, DiFazio S, Jansson S, Bohlmann J, Grigoriev I, Hellsten U, Putnam N, Ralph S, Rombauts S, Salamov A et al. 2006. The genome of black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa (Torr. & Gray). Science 313: 15961604.
  • Vanden Broeck A, Cottrell J, Quataert P, Breyne P, Storme V, Boerjan W, Van Slycken J. 2006. Paternity analysis of Populus nigra L. offspring in a Belgian plantation of native and exotic poplars. Annals of Forest Science 63: 783790.
  • Vanden Broeck A, Storme V, Cottrell JE, Boerjan W, Van Bockstaele E, Quataert P, Van Slycken J. 2004. Gene flow between cultivated poplars and native black poplar (Populus nigra L.): a case study along the river Meuse on the Dutch–Belgian border. Forest Ecology and Management 197: 307310.
  • Vanden Broeck A, Villar M, Van Bockstaele E, Van Slycken J. 2005. Natural hybridization between cultivated poplars and their wild relatives: evidence and consequences for native poplar populations. Annals of Forest Science 62: 601613.
  • Warwick SI, Beckie HJ, Hall LM. 2009. Gene flow, invasiveness, and ecological impact of genetically modified crops. In: Mousseau TA, Schlichting CD, eds. Year in evolutionary biology 2009. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, 7299.
  • Watrud LS, Lee EH, Fairbrother A, Burdick C, Reichman JR, Bollman M, Storm M, King G, Van de Water PK. 2004. Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 1453314538.
  • Wilkinson MJ, Elliott LJ, Allainguillaume J, Shaw MW, Norris C, Welters R, Alexander M, Sweet J, Mason DC. 2003a. Hybridization between Brassica napus and B. rapa on a national scale in the United Kingdom. Science 302: 457459.
  • Wilkinson MJ, Sweet J, Poppy GM. 2003b. Risk assessment of GM plants: avoiding gridlock? Trends in Plant Science 8: 208212.
  • Williams CG. 2010. Long-distance pine pollen still germinates after meso-scale dispersal. American Journal of Botany 97: 846855.
  • Williams CG, Davis BH. 2005. Rate of transgene spread via long-distance seed dispersal in Pinus taeda. Forest Ecology and Management 217: 95102.
  • Williams CG, Ladeau SL, Oren R, Katul GG. 2006. Modeling seed dispersal distances: implications for transgenic Pinus taeda. Ecological Applications 16: 117124.