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Keywords:

  • Arabidopsis thaliana;
  • AtNAR2.1 (AtNRT3.1);
  • nitrate transporter;
  • NRT2;
  • protein interaction

Summary

  • Interactions between the Arabidopsis NitRate Transporter (AtNRT2.1) and Nitrate Assimilation Related protein (AtNAR2.1, also known as AtNRT3.1) have been well documented, and confirmed by the demonstration that AtNRT2.1 and AtNAR2.1 form a 150-kDa plasma membrane complex, thought to constitute the high-affinity nitrate transporter of Arabidopsis thaliana roots. Here, we have investigated interactions between the remaining AtNRT2 family members (AtNRT2.2 to AtNRT2.7) and AtNAR2.1, and their capacity for nitrate transport.
  • Three different systems were used to examine possible interactions with AtNAR2.1: membrane yeast split-ubiquitin, bimolecular fluorescence complementation in A. thaliana protoplasts and nitrate uptake in Xenopus oocytes.
  • All NRT2s, except for AtNRT2.7, restored growth and β-galactosidase activity in the yeast split-ubiquitin system, and split-YFP fluorescence in A. thaliana protoplasts only when co-expressed with AtNAR2.1. Thus, except for AtNRT2.7, all other NRT2 transporters interact strongly with AtNAR2.1.
  • Co-injection into Xenopus oocytes of cRNA of all NRT2 genes together with cRNA of AtNAR2.1 resulted in statistically significant increases of inline image uptake over and above that resulting from single cRNA injections.