Fig. S1 Predicted time-courses of nitrogen availability and utilization.

Fig. S2 Predicted time-courses of forestry inventory variables.

Fig. S3 Effects of initial stand density.

Fig. S4 Predicted time-courses of the adaptive traits.

Fig. S5 Predicted time-courses from optimal balance and law-of-the-minimum solutions.

Notes S1 Rates of growth, production, and loss.

Notes S2 Derivation of the optimal balance constaint, Eqn 29.

Notes S3 Additional results from the optimal balance solutions.

Notes S4 Comparison of optimal balance and law-of-the-minimum solutions.

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