Global history of the ancient monocot family Araceae inferred with models accounting for past continental positions and previous ranges based on fossils
Article first published online: 5 JUL 2012
© 2012 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2012 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 195, Issue 4, pages 938–950, September 2012
How to Cite
Nauheimer, L., Metzler, D. and Renner, S. S. (2012), Global history of the ancient monocot family Araceae inferred with models accounting for past continental positions and previous ranges based on fossils. New Phytologist, 195: 938–950. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04220.x
- Issue published online: 2 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 5 JUL 2012
- Received: 4 April 2012, Accepted: 23 May 2012
- ancestral area reconstruction;
- divergence times;
- integrating fossil geographical ranges;
- molecular clock models;
- •The family Araceae (3790 species, 117 genera) has one of the oldest fossil records among angiosperms. Ecologically, members of this family range from free-floating aquatics (Pistia and Lemna) to tropical epiphytes. Here, we infer some of the macroevolutionary processes that have led to the worldwide range of this family and test how the inclusion of fossil (formerly occupied) geographical ranges affects biogeographical reconstructions.
- •Using a complete genus-level phylogeny from plastid sequences and outgroups representing the 13 other Alismatales families, we estimate divergence times by applying different clock models and reconstruct range shifts under different models of past continental connectivity, with or without the incorporation of fossil locations.
- •Araceae began to diversify in the Early Cretaceous (when the breakup of Pangea was in its final stages), and all eight subfamilies existed before the K/T boundary. Early lineages persist in Laurasia, with several relatively recent entries into Africa, South America, South-East Asia and Australia.
- •Water-associated habitats appear to be ancestral in the family, and DNA substitution rates are especially high in free-floating Araceae. Past distributions inferred when fossils are included differ in nontrivial ways from those without fossils. Our complete genus-level time-scale for the Araceae may prove to be useful for ecological and physiological studies.