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Keywords:

  • traitor-cosmopolitanism;
  • World War Two;
  • contested biographies;
  • gender;
  • Japan

This essay examines the idea of traitorhood and how it contributes to the formation of cosmopolitanism in Japan. Specifically, it traces the biographies of two historical figures from wartime Japan who have been remembered as traitors or heroes at different historical time periods in post-war Japan. Then it discusses the shifting interpretive frames that informed the specific modes of remembering their biographies, demonstrating the processes through which the figure of a cosmopolitan becomes visible and recognisable in a given society.