Creole festivals and Afro-Creole cosmopolitanisms in Mauritius

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Abstract

Focusing ethnographically on the Creole festivals in Mauritius, this article examines coexisting cosmopolitan and localising processes in a non-elite and rooted context. It outlines the marginalisation of Creoles in Mauritius before elucidating three processes evident in Afro-Creole collective identification: cross-continental inspiration from the ‘Creole world’ of the African diaspora; regional ethnic identification as Indian Ocean island Creoles with overlapping histories and shared cultural traditions; and the localising identity politics of differentiation of each ‘Creole culture’ as unique and rooted in a particular island or state.

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