SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Movement disorders have been reported in association with herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis in adults and children. The cause of this complication is unclear, although a number of proposed aetiologies have been suggested, including inadequate antiviral therapy1–3, a side effect of anticonvulsants4, or a possible postinfectious mechanism5–8. A child who presented with severe chorea associated with relapse of HSV encephalitis prompted us to review the clinical features, management, and outcomes of this condition.