Children with blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity: a population-based study. Perinatal data, neurological and ophthalmological outcome
Version of Record online: 12 NOV 2008
© 1998 Mac Keith Press
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Volume 40, Issue 3, pages 155–159, March 1998
How to Cite
Jacobson, L., Pernell, E., Broberger, U., Ek, U. and Gillberg, C. (1998), Children with blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity: a population-based study. Perinatal data, neurological and ophthalmological outcome. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 40: 155–159. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.1998.tb15439.x
- Issue online: 12 NOV 2008
- Version of Record online: 12 NOV 2008
- Accepted for publication 1st October 1997.
A population-based group of 27 children with total blindness due to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), born in Sweden from 1980 to 1990, was examined. They constituted all but two of the total of 29 children with total blindness due to ROP known to the nationai register of visually impaired children when reviewed from 1980 to 1 January 1995. All children had a gestational age of less than 31 weeks and most had had a complicated perinatal period. The retinal disease was discovered late, most often after it had already progressed to bilateral retinal detachment. Repeated vitreoretinal surgery had been performed in most children, but postoperative visual function did not improve. Three-quarters of the group had major neurological impairment (mental retardation, cerebral palsy, or epilepsy) at age 4 to 14 years. There was an impression that extensive ophthalmological efforts delayed nenrodevelopmental assessments and examinations as well as adequate habilitation.