Behavioural phenotype in foetal alcohol syndrome and foetal alcohol effects
Article first published online: 13 FEB 2007
Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Volume 45, Issue 3, pages 179–182, March 2003
How to Cite
Steinhausen, H.-C. and Winkler, C. (2003), Behavioural phenotype in foetal alcohol syndrome and foetal alcohol effects. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 45: 179–182. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2003.tb00927.x
- Issue published online: 13 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 13 FEB 2007
- Accepted for publication 16th October 2002.
A sample of 12 children (seven males, five females; mean age 6 years 7 months, SD 2 years 6 months, range 2 years 4 months to 12 years 1 month) with moderate-to-severe foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and another sample of 26 children (12 males, 14 females; mean age of 6 years 2 months SD 2 years 10 months, range 2 years 6 months to 12 years 8 months) with mild FAS or foetal alcohol effects (FAE) as well as a sample of 15 age- and sex-matched control children with unspecific intellectual disability were compared using the Developmental Behaviour Checklist (DBC). There were significant differences (p=0.01) between the groups on five of six subscales of the DBC with controls scoring lower on the disruptive, self-absorbed, anxiety, antisocial behaviour, and communication disturbance scales. The DBC profiles of the two foetal alcohol exposed groups did not differ from each other. It is concluded that quantitative behaviour measurement provides insights into specific behavioural phenotypes of FAS/FAE.