• 1
    Abel MF, Damiano DL, Blanco JB, Conaway M, Miller F, Dabney K, Sutherland D, Chambers H, Dias L, Sarwark J, et al. (2003) Relationship among musculoskeletal impairments and functional health status in ambulatory cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop 23: 535541.
  • 2
    World Health Organization. (2001) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Geneva , Switzerland: World Health Organization.
  • 3
    Ketelaar M, Vermeer A, Helders PJ. (1998) Functional motor abilities of children with cerebral palsy: a systematic literature review of assessment measures. Clin Rehabil 12: 369380.
  • 4
    Bagley A, Gorton G, Oeffinger D, Barnes D, Calmes J, Nicholson D, Damiano D, Abel M, Kryscio R, Rogers S, Tylkowski C. (2007) Outcome assessments in children with cerebral palsy, Part II: discriminatory ability of outcome tools. Dev Med Child Neurol 49: 181186.
  • 5
    Damiano D, Abel M, Romness M, Oeffinger D, Tylkowski C, Gorton G, Bagley A, Nicholson D, Calmes J, Kryscio R, Rogers S. Comparing functional profiles of children with hemiplegic and diplegic cerebral palsy in GMFCS Levels I and II: are separate classifications needed Dev Med Child Neurol 48: 797803.
  • 6
    Oeffinger D, Gorton G, Bagley A, Nicholson D, Barnes D, Calmes J, Abel M, Damiano D, Kryscio R, Rogers S, Tylkowski CM. (2007) Outcome assessments in children with cerebral palsy, Part I: descriptive characteristics of GMFCS Levels I to III. Dev Med Child Neurol 49: 172180.
  • 7
    Daltroy LH, Liang MH, Fossel AH, Goldberg M. (1998) The POSNA pediatric musculoskeletal functional health questionnaire: report on reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. J Pediatr Orthop 18: 561571.
  • 8
    Johnson DC, Damiano DL, Abel MF. (1997) The evolution of gait in childhood and adolescent cerebral palsy. J Pediatr Orthop 17: 392396.
  • 9
    Johnston TE, Moore SE, Quinn LT, Smith BT. (2004) Energy cost of walking in children with cerebral palsy: relation to the Gross Motor Function Classification System. Dev Med Child Neurol 46: 3438.
  • 10
    McCarthy ML, Silberstein CE, Atkins EA, Harryman SE, Sponseller PD, Hadley-Miller NA. (2002) Comparing reliability and validity of pediatric instruments for measuring health and well-being of children with spastic cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 44: 468476.
  • 11
    Msall ME, DiGaudio K, Rogers BT, LaForest S, Catanzaro NL, Campbell J, Wilczenski F, Duffy LC. (1994). The functional independence measures for children (WeeFIM): conceptual basis and pilot use in children with developmental disabilities. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 33: 421430.
  • 12
    Novacheck T, Stout J, Tervo RC. (2000) Reliability and validity of the Gillette Functional Assessment Questionnaire as an outcome measure in children with walking disabilities. J Pediatr Orthop 20: 7581.
  • 13
    Russell DJ, Avery LM, Rosenbaum PL, Raina PS, Walter SD, Palisano RJ. (2000) Improved scaling of the gross motor function measure for children with cerebral palsy: evidence of reliability and validity. Phys Ther 80: 873885.
  • 14
    Varni J W, Burwinkle TM, Sherman SA, Hanna K, Berrin SJ, Malcarne VL, Chambers HG. (2005) Health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with cerebral palsy: hearing the voices of the children. Dev Med Child Neurol 47: 592597.
  • 15
    Franzblau AN. (1958) A Primer of Statistics for Non-statisticians. New York : Harcourt, Brace & World.
  • 16
    Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. (2001) Using Multivariate Statistics. 4th edn. New York : Allyn & Bacon.
  • 17
    Cook TD, Campbell DT. (1979) Quasi-experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings. Chicago , IL : Rand McNally.
  • 18
    Oskamp S. (1977) Attitudes and Opinions. Englewood Cliffs , NJ : Prentice-Hall, Inc.
  • 19
    Oeffinger DJ, Tylkowski CM, Rayens MK, Davis RF, Gorton GE, D'Astous J, Nicholson DE, Damiano DL, Abel MF, Bagley AM, Luan J. (2004) Gross Motor Function Classification System and outcome tools for assessing ambulatory cerebral palsy: a multicenter study. Dev Med Child Neurol 46: 311319.
  • 20
    Tervo RC, Azuma S, Stout J, Novacheck T. (2002) Correlation between physical functioning and gait measures in children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 44: 185190.
  • 21
    Drouin LM, Malouin F, Richards CL, Marcoux S. (1996) Correlation between the Gross Motor Function Measure scores gait spatiotemporal measures in children with neurological impairments. Dev Med Child Neurol 38: 10071019.
  • 22
    Damiano DL, Abel MF. (1996) Relation of gait analysis to gross motor function in cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 38: 389396.
  • 23
    DeLuca PA. (1991) Gait analysis in the treatment of the ambulatory child with cerebral palsy. Clin Orthop Relat Res 264: 6575.
  • 24
    Abel MF, Damiano DL, Pannunzio M, Bush J. (1999) Muscle-tendon surgery in diplegic cerebral palsy: functional and mechanical changes. J Pediatr Orthop 19: 366375.
  • 25
    Schwartz MH, Viehweger E, Stout J, Novacheck TF, Gage JR. (2004) Comprehensive treatment of ambulatory children with cerebral palsy: an outcome assessment. J Pediatr Orthop 24: 4553.
  • 26
    Furlong W, Barr RD, Feeny D, Yandow S. (2005) Patient-focused measures of functional health status and health-related quality of life in pediatric orthopedics: a case study in measurement selection. Health Qual Life Outcomes 3: 3.
  • 27
    Graham HK, Harvey A, Rodda J, Nattrass GR, Pirpiris M. (2004) The Functional Mobility Scale (FMS). J Pediatr Orthop 24: 514520.
  • 28
    Morris C, Kurinczuk JJ, Fitzpatrick R. (2005) Child or family assessed measures of activity performance and participation for children with cerebral palsy: a structured review. Child Care Health Dev 31: 397407.