• 1
    Rosenbaum P, Paneth N, Leviton A, Goldstein M, Bax M. The definition and classification of cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2007; 49(Suppl. 109): 814.
  • 2
    Shevell MI, Bodensteiner JB. Cerebral palsy: defining the problem. Semin Pediatr Neurol 2004; 11: 25.
  • 3
    World Health Organization. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) 2001. (accessed 15 November 2008).
  • 4
    King G, Law M, Hanna S, et al. Predictors of the leisure and recreation participation of children with physical disabilities: a structural equation modeling analysis. Child Health Care 2006; 35: 20934.
  • 5
    Simpkins SD, Ripke M, Huston AC, Eccles JS. Predicting participation outcomes in out-of-school activities: similarities and differences across social ecologies. New Dir Youth Dev 2005; 105: 5169.
  • 6
    Imms C, Reilly S, Carlin J, Dodd K. Diversity of participation in children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2008; 50: 36369.
  • 7
    Law M, King G, King S, et al. Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Dev Med Child Neurol 2006; 48: 33742.
  • 8
    Lepage C, Noreau L, Bernard PM, Fougeyrollas P. Profile of handicap situations in children with cerebral palsy. Scand J Rehabil Med 1998; 30: 26372.
  • 9
    Maher CA, Williams MT, Olds T, Lane AE. Physical and sedentary activity in adolescents with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2007; 49: 45057.
  • 10
    Majnemer A, Shevell M, Law M, et al. Participation and enjoyment of leisure activities in school-aged children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 2008; 50: 75158.
  • 11
    Schenker R, Coster W, Parush S. Participation and activity performance of students with cerebral palsy within the school environment. Disabil Rehabil 2005; 27: 53952.
  • 12
    Shikako-Thomas K, Majnemer A, Law M, Lach L. Determinants of participation in leisure activities in children and youth with cerebral palsy: systematic review. Phys Occup Ther Pediatr 2008; 28: 15569.
  • 13
    Watkinson JE, Dwyer SA, Nielson AB. Children theorize about reason for recess engagement: does expectancy-value theory apply? Adapt Phys Activ Q 2005; 22: 17997.
  • 14
    Wigfield A, Eccles JS. Expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation. Contemp Educ Psychol 2000; 25: 6881.
  • 15
    Yalon-Chamovitz S, Mano T, Jarus T, Weinblatt N. Leisure activities during school break among children with learning disabilities: preferences vs. performance. Br J Learn Disabil 2006; 34: 4248.
  • 16
    Majnemer A, Shevell M, Rosenbaum P, Law M, Poulin C. Determinants of life quality in school-age children with cerebral palsy. J Pediatr 2007; 151: 47075.
  • 17
    Cans C. Surveillance of cerebral palsy in Europe: a collaboration of cerebral palsy surveys and registers. Dev Med Child Neurol 2000; 42: 81624.
  • 18
    Shevell MI, Dagenais L, Hall N, REPACQ Consortium. The relationship of cerebral palsy sub-type and functional motor impairment: a population-based study. Dev Med Child Neurol. (Published online 11th March 2009). DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8749.2009.03269.x.
  • 19
    Badawi N, Watson L, Petterson B, et al. What constitutes cerebral palsy? Dev Med Child Neurol 1998; 40: 52027.
  • 20
    Sparrow SS, Balla DA, Cicchetti DV. Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, 1984.
  • 21
    King G, Law M, King S, et al. Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and Preferences for Activities of Children (PAC). San Antonia, TX: Harcourt Assessment, 2004.
  • 22
    Russell DJ, Rosenbaum PL, Avery LM, Lane M. Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66 & GMFM – 88) User’s Manual. Clinics in Developmental Medicine No. 159. London: Mac Keith Press, 2002.
  • 23
    Palisano R, Rosenbaum P, Walter S, Russell D, Wood E, Galuppi B. Development and reliability of a system to classify gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 1997; 39: 21423.
  • 24
    Roid GH, Miller LJ. Leiter International Performance Scale – Revised. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting, 1997.
  • 25
    Morgan GA, Leech NL, Barrett KC, Busch-Rossnagel NA, Harmon RJ. The Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (manual). Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University, 2000.
  • 26
    Goodman R, Scott S. Comparing the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Child Behavior Checklist: is small beautiful? J Abnorm Child Psychol 1999; 27: 1724.
  • 27
    Varni JW, Seid M, Kurtin PS. PedsQL 4.0: reliability and validity of the pediatric quality of life inventory version 4.0 generic core scales in healthy and patient populations. Med Care 2001; 39: 80012.
  • 28
    Abidin RR. Parenting Stress Index (PSI). 3rd edn. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources Inc., 1990.
  • 29
    King G, Law M, King S, et al. Measuring children’s participation in recreation and leisure activities: construct validation of the CAPE and PAC. Child Care Health Dev 2006; 33: 2839.
  • 30
    Murphy NA, Carbone PS, the Council on Children with Disabilities. Promoting the participation of children with disabilities in sports, recreation, and physical activities. Pediatrics 2008; 121: 105761.
  • 31
    Salmon J, Owen N, Crawford D, Bauman A, Sallis JF. Physical activity and sedentary behavior: a population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference. Health Psychol 2003; 22: 17888.
  • 32
    Law M, Petrenchik T, King G, Hurley P. Perceived environmental barriers to recreational, community, and school participation for children and youth with physical disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88: 63642.
  • 33
    Engel-Yeger B, Jarus T. Cultural and gender effects on Israeli children’s preferences for activities. Can J Occup Ther 2008; 75: 13948.
  • 34
    Allison KR, Dwyer JJM, Goldenberg E, Fein A, Yoshida KK, Boutilier M. Male adolescents’ reasons for participating in physical activity, barriers to participation, and suggestions for increasing participation. Adolescence 2005; 40: 15570.
  • 35
    Specht J, King G, Brown E, Foris C. The importance of leisure in the lives of persons with congenital physical disabilities. Am J Occup Ther 2002; 56: 43645.