SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Blackman JA, Patrick PD, Buck ML, Rust RS Jr. Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia after brain injury. Arch Neurol 2004; 61: 3218.
  • 2
    Rabinstein AA. Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity in the neurological intensive care unit. Neurol Res 2007; 29: 6802.
  • 3
    Perkes IE, Menon DK, Nott MT, Baguley IJ. Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity after acquired brain injury: a review of diagnostic criteria. Brain Inj 2011; 25: 92532.
  • 4
    Baguley IJ, Nicholls JL, Felmingham KL, Crooks J, Gurka JA, Wade LD. Dysautonomia after traumatic brain injury: a forgotten syndrome? J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999; 67: 3943.
  • 5
    Krach LE, Kriel RL, Morris WF, Warhol BL, Luxenberg MG. Central autonomic dysfunction following acquired brain injury in children. Neurorehabil Neural Repair 1997; 11: 415.
  • 6
    Perkes I, Baguley IJ, Nott MT, Menon DK. A review of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity after acquired brain injury. Ann Neurol 2010; 68: 12635.
  • 7
    Baguley IJ. Autonomic complications following central nervous system injury. Semin Neurol 2008; 28: 71625.
  • 8
    Baguley IJ, Slewa-Younan S, Heriseanu RE, Nott MT, Mudaliar Y, Nayyar V. The incidence of dysautonomia and its relationship with autonomic arousal following traumatic brain injury. Brain Inj 2007; 21: 117581.
  • 9
    Lemke DM. Riding out the storm: sympathetic storming after traumatic brain injury. J Neurosci Nurs 2004; 36: 49.
  • 10
    Baguley IJ, Heriseanu RE, Cameron ID, Nott MT, Slewa-Younan S. A critical review of the pathophysiology of dysautonomia following traumatic brain injury. Neurocrit Care 2008; 8: 293300.
  • 11
    Fernandez-Ortega JF, Prieto-Palomino MA, Munoz-Lopez A, Lebron-Gallardo M, Cabrera-Ortiz H, Quesada-Garcia G. Prognostic influence and computed tomography findings in dysautonomic crises after traumatic brain injury. J Trauma 2006; 61: 112933.
  • 12
    Hendricks HT, Heeren AH, Vos PE. Dysautonomia after severe traumatic brain injury. Eur J Neurol 2010; 17: 11727.
  • 13
    Lv LQ, Hou LJ, Yu MK, et al. Prognostic influence and magnetic resonance imaging findings in paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity after severe traumatic brain injury. J Neurotrauma 2010; 27: 194550.
  • 14
    Chelly H, Chaari A, Daoud E, et al. Diffuse axonal injury in patients with head injuries: an epidemiologic and prognosis study of 124 cases. J Trauma 2011; 71: 83846.
  • 15
    Rodriguez N, Febrer A, Melendez M. Disfuncion autonomica en el nino con traumatismo craneoencefalico. Rev Neurol 2006; 43: 1436.
  • 16
    Mehta NM, Bechard LJ, Leavitt K, Duggan C. Severe weight loss and hypermetabolic paroxysmal dysautonomia following hypoxic ischemic brain injury: the role of indirect calorimetry in the intensive care unit. J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2008; 32: 2814.
  • 17
    Kliegman R, Nelson WE. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 18th edn. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2007.
  • 18
    National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. The fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Pediatrics 2004; 114(Suppl. 2): 55576.
  • 19
    Msall ME, DiGaudio K, Rogers BT, et al. The Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM): conceptual basis and pilot use in children with developmental disabilities. Clin Pediatr 1994; 33: 42130.
  • 20
    Azaula M, Msall ME, Buck G, Tremont MR, Wilczenski F, Rogers BT. Measuring functional status and family support in older school-aged children with cerebral palsy: comparison of three instruments. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81: 30711.
  • 21
    Rice SA, Blackman JA, Braun S, Linn RT, Granger CV, Wagner DP. Rehabilitation of children with traumatic brain injury: descriptive analysis of a nationwide sample using the WeeFIM. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86: 8346.
  • 22
    Faul M, Xu L, Wald MM, Coronado VG. Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations and Deaths 2002–2006. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; 2010. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/pdf/blue_book.pdf (accessed 17 May 2011).
  • 23
    Francois B, Vacher P, Roustan J, et al. Intrathecal baclofen after traumatic brain injury: early treatment using a new technique to prevent spasticity. J Trauma 2001; 50: 15861.
  • 24
    Kim CT, Moberg-Wolff E, Trovato M, Kim H, Murphy N. Pediatric rehabilitation: 1 common medical conditions in children with disabilities. PM R 2010; 2: S311.
  • 25
    Baguley IJ, Nott MT, Slewa-Younan S, Heriseanu RE, Perkes IE. Diagnosing dysautonomia after acute traumatic brain injury: evidence for overresponsiveness to afferent stimuli. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009; 90: 5806.