This research and the preparation of this report was supported in part by grants from the Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research. Grant AFOSR-727-65, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Grants NGR44-003-031 and NAS 9-11753, the National Institutes of Health, Grant USPH MH 13630, and Abbott Laboratories Grant A-35616.
Personality, Psychophysiology, and Performance
Version of Record online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 10, Issue 4, pages 315–327, July 1973
How to Cite
Roessler, R. (1973), Personality, Psychophysiology, and Performance. Psychophysiology, 10: 315–327. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1973.tb00789.x
Presidential Address, Society for Psychophysiological Research, November 9–12, 1972, Boston, Massachusetts.
- Issue online: 30 JAN 2007
- Version of Record online: 30 JAN 2007
- Skin conductance;
- Galvanic skin response;
- Heart rate;
- Pulse volume;
- Respiration rate;
- Muscle potential;
- Glucose tolerance;
- Ego strength;
- Trait anxiety;
- Field dependence;
- Reaction time;
- Sleep deprivation;
Research relating personality variables to physiological responsivity and to motor performance is reviewed. Trait anxiety is not related to physiology but ego strength is related to change in physiological levels. Skin conductance is most consistently related to ego strength across experimental conditions and across subjects. Other physiological variables are also related to ego strength in certain subjects under certain conditions. Data relating ego strength to other personality variables and to psychomotor performance is also reviewed. A theory relating personality to physiological change is proposed.