This research was supported by grants MH-10236 and MH-06040 from the National Institute of Mental Health. The authors are indebted to Alan J. Cohn. George M. Krebs, Stephen B. Oshry, William W. Schicht. Richard H. Stroller, and Leonard I Tamsky, who assisted at various stages in this research, Experiments 1 and If were presented at the meetings of the Association for the Psycho physiological Study of Sleep, Santa Monica, 1967, and Denver, 1968, respectively; Experiment III has not been previously reported.
Studies of Spontaneous Electro dermal Responses in Sleep
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 13, Issue 2, pages 128–134, March 1976
How to Cite
Mcdonald, D. G., Shallenberger, H. D., Koresko, R. L. and Kinzy, B. G. (1976), Studies of Spontaneous Electro dermal Responses in Sleep. Psychophysiology, 13: 128–134. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1976.tb00087.x
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- (Manuscript received March 24, 1975; revision received September 25. 1975; accepted for publication October 3, 1975)
- Spontaneous electro dermal response;
- Skin potential;
- Skin resistance;
- Finger plethysmograph;
- Heart rate. (D. G. McDonald)
A series of studies on spontaneous electro dermal responses (storming) in normal human stage 3–4 sleep J5 reported. It was found that: (a) storming rates during sleep are positively correlated with spontaneous response rates during wakefulness, (b) more storming is demonstrated by subjects who remain awake during a baseline recording at the start of the night, (c) there is a negative correlation between storming rate and amount of stage 3–4 sleep, (d) storming rates decrease from night 1 to night 2, (e) stunners differ from non-stormers on several MMPI measures of anxiety and ego-strength, and (f) dream reports are given more often on awakenings from storming than non-storming stage 3–4 sleep. The results are compared to other studies of storming, and the conclusion is made that storming is related to presleep variables and is not a simple byproduct of a release of cortical inhibitory mechanisms. If one function of storming is to reduce the amount of stage 3–4 sleep, this might have survival value in the presence of environmental threat.