This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health research grant MH 15353.
First Interval Skin Conductance Responses: Conditioned or Orienting Responses?
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 14, Issue 4, pages 360–367, July 1977
How to Cite
Prokasy, W. F. (1977), First Interval Skin Conductance Responses: Conditioned or Orienting Responses?. Psychophysiology, 14: 360–367. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1977.tb02965.x
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Manuscript received June 15, 1976; accepted for publication December 29, 1976
- Classical conditioning;
- Skin conductance conditioning;
- First interval responses;
- Control procedures;
- Stimulus contingencies
This paper was concerned primarily with whether or not the first interval response in classical skin conductance conditioning can be interpreted as a response which occurs at least in part as a consequence of the pairing of, or contingency between, a conditioned stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus. Based on a context in which classical conditioning is seen strictly as a method of inquiry, not as a process, the problems of various control procedures were discussed. It was concluded that with a simple conditioning paradigm the data available to date are sufficiently confounded with differential habituation rates in control-experimental group comparisons that it is difficult to conclude with assurance that the first-interval response does reflect the contingency between the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus. In spite of possible confounding factors, the data obtained in differential conditioning experiments permit the conclusion that the first interval response does reflect stimulus pairing.