1We owe special thanks to Anton von Boxtel, Paul Fair, Stephen Fowler, Joseph Hager, and Louis Tassinary for their extended critiques and consultation. We thank all the respondents to the survey. Many provided exceptionally detailed and thoughtful comments and suggestions. We thank in particular: Kees Brunia, Alexander Dale, Roman Ferstl, Frances Graham, Mary Losch, Robert Malmo, James Raczynski, Joyce Segreto, and Noburu Sumitsuji.
Guidelines for Human Electromyographic Research
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 23, Issue 5, pages 567–589, September 1986
How to Cite
Fridlund, A. J. and Cacioppo, J. T. (1986), Guidelines for Human Electromyographic Research. Psychophysiology, 23: 567–589. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1986.tb00676.x
This research was supported in part by NIH Biomedical Research Support Grant 2-S07-RR-07083–20 to A. J. Fridlund from the University of Pennsylvania, and by NSF grant BNS-8414853 to John T. Cacioppo.
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- (Manuscript received June 4, 1986; accepted for publication July 25, 1986)
- Electrophysiological recording;
- Experimental design;
- Facial expression;
- Facial muscles;
- Statistical analysis
Guidelines are proposed for the collection, analysis, and description of electromyographic (EMG) data. The guidelines cover technological issues in EMG recording, social aspects of EMG experimentation, and limits to inferences that can be drawn in EMG research. An atlas is proposed for facial EMG electrode placements, and standard EMG terminology is suggested.