Address given upon receipt of the Distinuished Early Carrer Contribution to Psychophysiology Award, Society for Psychophysiological Research, San Francisco, October, 1988.
For Distinguished Early Career Contribution to Psychophysiology: Award Address, 1988
Individual Differences in Heart Rate Response During Behavioral Challenge
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 26, Issue 5, pages 497–505, September 1989
How to Cite
Turner, J. R. (1989), For Distinguished Early Career Contribution to Psychophysiology: Award Address, 1988. Psychophysiology, 26: 497–505. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1989.tb00701.x
This research program was conducted in collaboration with Dr. Douglas Carroll in the Department of Psychology, University of Birmingham, England, while the author was first a doctoral candidate and later a postdoctoral research fellow. Financial support was provided by the British Medical Research Council. Thanks are expressed to Drs. Ray Cochrane, Mike Harris, John Hewitt, Derek Kohnston, Kathy Light, Paul Obrist, Andy Sherwood, Jane Sims and Lorenz van Doornen, and to Mick Byng, Susan Girdler, and Roy Jeans. Finally, I should like to thank my mom; it is to her that this paper is dedicated. Preparation of the manuscript, meticulously typed by Dot Faulkner, was supported by NIH grants HL-31533 and HL-18976.
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- (Manuscript received October 4, 1988; accepted for publication June 19, 1989)
- Individual differences;
- Heart rate;
- Oxygen consumption;
- Additional heart rate;
- Response consistency;
- Twin studies;
- Behavior genetics
This program of experiments examined heart rate responses to mental arithmetic and a video game. Attention first focused on their metabolic relevance. Comparison with heart rate/oxygen consumption regression equations generated from isotonic exercise data revealed that the heart rate increases of certain individuals were considerably in excess of those necessitated by contemporary metabolic demand. Both temporal and intertask consistency of reaction were explored, and supportive evidence was obtained. The relationship between laboratory and real-world reactions was investigated, and preliminary evidence found suggesting that in-laboratory responses are indicative of responses to more naturalistic stressors. Finally, twin studies examining the genetic and environmental determinants of individual differences in heart rate change during the tasks revealed a substantial genetic component for these responses.