This project was supported in part by a Faculty Research Grant from the Graduate School of the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The author would like to thank Aurora Branum and Michele Simmons for assisting with data collection.
Acute Emotional and Psychophysiological Effects of Aerobic Exercise
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 26, Issue 5, pages 593–602, September 1989
How to Cite
Roth, D. L. (1989), Acute Emotional and Psychophysiological Effects of Aerobic Exercise. Psychophysiology, 26: 593–602. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1989.tb00716.x
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- (Manuscript received June 6, 1988; accepted for publication December 18, 1988)
- Aerobic exercise;
- Cardiovascular reactivity;
An experiment was conducted to examine the acute emotional and psychophysiological effects of a single bout of aerobic exercise. Forty active and 40 inactive college students were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise or a waiting-period control condition. Self-report measures of mood and cardiovascular response measures to challenging cognitive tasks were collected before and after the 20-min exercise/control period to examine any exercise-induced changes. The results indicated that mood was significantly altered by the exercise activity, with reductions in tension and anxiety specifically evident. Exercise was not found to have any effects on cardiovascular reactivity. A test of aerobic fitness confirmed fitness differences between active and inactive participants, but no mood or reactivity effects related to activity status were obtained. These results suggest that both active and inactive individuals experience acute reductions in anxiety following single bouts of exercise, even in the absence of changes in cardiovascular reactivity. Implications for the continued investigation of the acute effects of exercise are discussed.