Cortical Activity Elicited by Changes in Auditory Stimuli: Different Sources for the Magnetic N1OOm and Mismatch Responses


Address requests for reprints to: Mikko Sams, Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, 02150 Espoo, Finland.


Magnetic responses to frequent and infrequent auditory stimuli, all presented in the same stimulus block in randomized order, were recorded. The standard stimuli, comprising 90% of all the stimuli, were 100-ms, 1000 Hz, 90dB sinusoidal tone bursts. There were three deviant tones, each presented at a probability of 3.3%, which differed from the standard tone on one dimension only: frequency deviant (1500 Hz), intensity deviant (67dB SPL), or duration deviant (50 ms). All mismatch fields, i.e., responses elicited by different deviants, as well as N100m to the standards and deviants, could be explained by neural activity in the supratemporal auditory cortex. The source of N100m to standards and deviants was significantly posterior to the sources for the three different mismatch fields. The mean locations of the equivalent dipoles for the different mismatch fields did not differ significantly from each other, but some differences were found for individual subjects.