The present work was supported by Grant A78415689 from the Australian Research Council. We thank Anthony Gould, who collected parts of the data for Experiment 2.
Effects of stimulus preexposure and intermodality change on electrodermal orienting
Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
Volume 31, Issue 5, pages 421–426, September 1994
How to Cite
SIDDLE, D. A. T., LIPP, O. V. and DALL, P. J. (1994), Effects of stimulus preexposure and intermodality change on electrodermal orienting. Psychophysiology, 31: 421–426. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.1994.tb01045.x
- Issue published online: 30 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 30 JAN 2007
- (Received May 18, 1993; Accepted September 23, 1993)
- Electrodermal orienting;
- Intermodality change;
- Stimulus preexposure
Previous research has indicated that an intermodality change trial presented after a habituation series elicits larger orienting responses than does the first stimulus of that series. Experiment 1 (N= 48) investigated whether this effect was still present if the change stimulus was not novel but was presented once prior to the habituation series. Two groups of subjects were presented with a series of 24 tones or vibrotactile stimuli. Trial 25 was an intermodality change test trial for half of the subjects in each group (change), whereas the remaining subjects received an additional habituation stimulus (no change). Prior to the habituation trials, each subject was exposed once to the test stimulus used in the change condition. Although response magnitude on the test trial was larger in the change condition than in the no-change condition, test trial response magnitude did not exceed that on the first trial of the habituation series. In Experiment 2 (N= 84), one group was preexposed to the test stimulus, another was preexposed to an experimentally irrelevant stimulus, and a third received no stimulus prior to habituation training. Test trial response magnitude was larger than responses to the first stimulus of habituation in the change group that was not exposed to a stimulus prior to habituation but not in the preexposed groups. Preexposure to a stimulus prior to habituation training abolished the intermodality change effect even when the test stimulus was novel. The present results pose problems for noncomparator theories of habituation and support the notion that anticipatory processes are important in orienting and habituation.