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The influence of hydration status on stress-induced hemoconcentration

Authors


  • The authors thank Dr. A. K. Blannin for his advice on the hydration manipulations.

Address correspondence to Jet J.C.S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom. E-mail: veldhuij@bham.ac.uk.

Abstract

This study examined the effects of hydration status on rheological and hemodynamic activity during rest, mental stress, postural stress, and combined mental/postural stress in 24 men when euhydrated and hyperhydrated. The stress tasks elicited hemoconcentration, although the effects were less pronounced during mental stress. Hyperhydration was associated with higher plasma volume throughout. All stress tasks also perturbed hemodynamic activity, irrespective of hydration status, with the exception of heart rate reactivity, which was attenuated when hyperhydrated. As expected the combined stress during euhydration was associated with an unfavorable rheological and cardiovascular profile, which may help explain the increased incidence of cardiovascular events in the morning.

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