• Magnetoencephalography;
  • Visual change detection


In this study, the cortical dynamics of the visual change detection process were investigated using an oddball paradigm similar to that used in auditory mismatch negativity studies. When subjects watched a silent movie, color stimuli were presented using 280 dual color LEDs arranged along the frame of the video screen. Task-irrelevant red and blue color stimuli were presented randomly at a probability of 10% and 90%, respectively, in one session and vice versa for the other one, and we traced brain responses using magnetoencephalography. Results show that activation in the middle occipital gyrus (MOG) was significantly enhanced for the infrequent stimulus, while early activities in Brodmann's area 17/18 were comparable for the frequent and infrequent stimuli. These results suggest that automatic visual change detection is associated with the MOG activity.