E. D-G. was financed by prospective researcher fellowship PBGE11-119321, granted by the Swiss National Science Foundation. Other sources of financing include NIH R01 MH58147 to J. G. The authors wish to thank Will Dayton for his technical assistance.
The temporal dynamics of two response-focused forms of emotion regulation: Experiential, expressive, and autonomic consequences
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2011 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 48, Issue 9, pages 1309–1322, September 2011
How to Cite
Dan-Glauser, E. S. and Gross, J. J. (2011), The temporal dynamics of two response-focused forms of emotion regulation: Experiential, expressive, and autonomic consequences. Psychophysiology, 48: 1309–1322. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01191.x
- Issue published online: 27 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
- (Received August 26, 2010; Accepted December 28, 2010)
- Emotion regulation;
- Temporal dynamics
This study examines the early affective consequences of two close forms of suppression. Participants (N=37) were shown negative, positive, and neutral pictures and cued either to attend to the pictures, or to perform expressive or physiological suppression (i.e., reduce body reactions). Continuous measures of experience, expressivity, and autonomic responses showed that both suppression strategies produced rapid response modulation. Common effects of the two strategies included a transient increase in negative feeling, a durable decrease in positive feeling, and a decrease in expressivity, cardiovascular activity, and oxygenation. The two strategies were significantly different only in response to positive stimuli, with physiological suppression showing a larger decrease in experience intensity and blood pressure. These results suggest a strong overlap between the two suppression strategies in terms of their early impact on emotional responses.