We thank Israel Nelken and Erich Schroger for insightful comments and discussions. This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation and a subcontract from the National Institutes of Health (NIH Grant RO1DCOO4855).
Responses to deviants are modulated by subthreshold variability of the standard
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2011
Copyright © 2011 Society for Psychophysiological Research
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 31–42, January 2012
How to Cite
Daikhin, L. and Ahissar, M. (2012), Responses to deviants are modulated by subthreshold variability of the standard. Psychophysiology, 49: 31–42. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01274.x
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2011
- (Received January 3, 2011; Accepted June 14, 2011)
- Implicit processing;
- Predictive coding;
Auditory mechanisms automatically detect both basic features of sounds and the rules governing their presentation. In the oddball paradigm, the auditory system detects the sameness (or no-variability) rule when the same reference tone is consistently repeated. We used two oddball protocols, the classical one with a fixed reference and a modified one with a jittered reference, to determine whether the auditory system can detect subthreshold violations of sameness. We found that the response to the repeated standard was not modified by the small jitter. However, the response to the frequency oddball was smaller under the jittered protocol, indicating hypersensitivity to sameness. The sensitivity to jitter was largest when the oddball deviated by 8%, was smaller for 40%, and disappeared at 100% deviation, indicating that sensitivity to sameness is context dependent; namely, it is scaled with respect to the overall range of stimuli.