Effective e-learning for health professionals and students—barriers and their solutions. A systematic review of the literature—findings from the HeXL project
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2005
Health Information & Libraries Journal
Volume 22, Issue Supplement s2, pages 20–32, December 2005
How to Cite
Childs, S., Blenkinsopp, E., Hall, A. and Walton, G. (2005), Effective e-learning for health professionals and students—barriers and their solutions. A systematic review of the literature—findings from the HeXL project. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 22: 20–32. doi: 10.1111/j.1470-3327.2005.00614.x
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2005
Introduction: In 2003/4 the Information Management Research Institute, Northumbria University, conducted a research project to identify the barriers to e-learning for health professionals and students. The project also established possible ways to overcome these barriers. The North of England Workforce Development Confederation funded the project.
Methodology: The project comprised a systematic review of the literature on barriers to and solutions/critical success factors for e-learning in the health field. Fifty-seven references were suitable for analysis. This review was supplemented by a questionnaire survey of learners and an interview study of learning providers to ensure that data identified from the literature were grounded in reality.
Results: The main barriers are: requirement for change; costs; poorly designed packages; inadequate technology; lack of skills; need for a component of face-to-face teaching; time intensive nature of e-learning; computer anxiety.
A range of solutions can solve these barriers. The main solutions are: standardization; strategies; funding; integration of e-learning into the curriculum; blended teaching; user friendly packages; access to technology; skills training; support; employers paying e-learning costs; dedicated work time for e-learning.
Conclusions: The authors argue that librarians can play an important role in e-learning: providing support and support materials; teaching information skills; managing and providing access to online information resources; producing their own e-learning packages; assisting in the development of other packages.