Ian Scoones, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RE, UK. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mobilizing Against GM Crops in India, South Africa and Brazil
Article first published online: 25 APR 2008
© 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Agrarian Change
Volume 8, Issue 2-3, pages 315–344, April 2008
How to Cite
SCOONES, I. (2008), Mobilizing Against GM Crops in India, South Africa and Brazil. Journal of Agrarian Change, 8: 315–344. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0366.2008.00172.x
The research for this paper was supported by the IDS-hosted Development Research Centre on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability, the full results of which are presented in Scoones (2005b). Early background research assistance for this project was provided by Aaron DeGrassi. I am most grateful to the many people in all three countries who were prepared to discuss their experiences. I would also like to thank the four reviewers for their comments.
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2008
- Article first published online: 25 APR 2008
- GM crops;
- South Africa;
This paper explores the national and transnational character of mobilization against GM crops in India, South Africa and Brazil in the ten-year period to 2005. By examining the contexts and practices of mobilization across the three countries, and in particular the complex, often fraught, local and global connections, the paper examines the diverse mobilizations that have occurred. The paper argues that to understand these processes, particular national political and economic contexts must be appreciated, alongside how the GM debates articulate with other foci for activism and the complex and often fragile nature of alliances that make up activist networks. The paper shows how the debate about GM crops has become a much wider one: about the future of agriculture and small-scale farmers, about corporate control and property rights and about the rules of global trade. In sum, a debate not just about the pros and cons of a particular set of technologies, but about politics and values and the future of agrarian society.