Professor Peter Newell, School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ and James Martin Fellow, Oxford University Centre for the Environment. e-mail: P.Newell@uea.ac.uk
Trade and Biotechnology in Latin America: Democratization, Contestation and the Politics of Mobilization
Article first published online: 25 APR 2008
© 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Agrarian Change
Volume 8, Issue 2-3, pages 345–376, April 2008
How to Cite
NEWELL, P. (2008), Trade and Biotechnology in Latin America: Democratization, Contestation and the Politics of Mobilization. Journal of Agrarian Change, 8: 345–376. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0366.2008.00173.x
I am grateful to the three anonymous referees who provided useful comments on an earlier version of this work, as well as the editors of the special issue for helpful suggestions. I would also like to acknowledge the assistance of Rodrigo Luiz in pulling together research materials in Brazil for this work.
- Issue published online: 25 APR 2008
- Article first published online: 25 APR 2008
- Latin America
This research explores the role of agrarian and environmental movements in contesting the development and promotion of agricultural biotechnology through trade liberalization in Latin America. Organized around themes of mobilization, participation and representation, it raises key questions about who mobilizes and how, and about the strategic dilemmas that arise when movements with different histories, membership bases and cultures of protest attempt to work together. Issues of accountability, representation and participation run through the analysis of strategies of organization and claim-making adopted by an eclectic range of groups seeking to contest the role of biotechnology in the structure of agricultural production, the institutions that manage that relationship and the discourses which sustain it. In particular, analysis centres on their responsiveness to the concerns and agendas of poorer groups in the front line of the ‘gene revolution’ as it plays out in the Latin American countryside, in particular in Argentina and Brazil, the key players in biotechnology in the region.