We would like to thank Deniz Yonucu, Derya Nizam and Enis Köstepen for their assistance at different stages of this research. Their contributions have been invaluable for the completion of this study. We also would like to thank Middle East Awards (Population Council), Boğaziçi University's Research Fund and Social Policy Forum for grants that supported this research in the summers of 2003 and 2008. We are especially grateful for comments by anonymous reviewers for this Journal which helped us clarify and strengthen our position on several critical issues.
Agrarian Change under Globalization: Markets and Insecurity in Turkish Agriculture
Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal of Agrarian Change
Volume 11, Issue 1, pages 60–86, January 2011
How to Cite
KEYDER, Ç. and YENAL, Z. (2011), Agrarian Change under Globalization: Markets and Insecurity in Turkish Agriculture. Journal of Agrarian Change, 11: 60–86. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0366.2010.00294.x
- Issue published online: 23 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 23 DEC 2010
- state policy;
- seasonal employment;
- land markets;
This paper argues that deepening commodification in Turkish agriculture has changed the lives of farmers in significant ways. Global circuits have swept away the accustomed networks of information, production and marketing which had been largely established and maintained by comprehensive governmental support policies. New institutions have come into the picture establishing the links between small producers and larger markets. With state policy strengthening the domination of the market, prices and demand patterns fluctuate widely leaving small producers vulnerable to market forces and raising the level of risk and insecurity. This situation brings about a rapid de-ruralization of the population in most regions of the country. In the fertile coastal strip of the southern and western provinces, however, commercial opportunities introduced by global circuits have led to a thriving market in products, land, and labour. Farming of vegetables and fruits for domestic and European markets dominate agricultural production. Seasonal employment, in tourism and in labour-intensive crops, supplement household incomes, permitting the rural population to remain in the countryside.