The effect of maternal oxygen administration on human fetal cerebral oxygenation measured during labour by near infrared spectroscopy
Article first published online: 19 AUG 2005
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 101, Issue 6, pages 509–513, June 1994
How to Cite
Aldrich, C. J., Wyatt, J. S., Spencer, J. A. D., Reynolds, E. O. R. and Delpy, D. T. (1994), The effect of maternal oxygen administration on human fetal cerebral oxygenation measured during labour by near infrared spectroscopy. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 101: 509–513. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.1994.tb13152.x
- Issue published online: 19 AUG 2005
- Article first published online: 19 AUG 2005
- Received 3 December 1993, Accepted 27 January 1994
Objective To test the hypothesis that intrapartum maternal oxygen administration increases fetal cerebral oxygenation during normal labour.
Design A prospective study comparing changes in fetal cerebral concentrations of oxyhaemo- globin, deoxyhaemoglobin and cerebral blood volume measured by near infrared spectroscopy, before, during and after maternal oxygen administration using a 60% Ventimask.
Setting Teaching hospital obstetric unit.
Subjects Ten term fetuses during uncomplicated labour.
Results Maternal oxygen administration for 15 min resulted in a significant increase in the mean concentration of fetal cerebral oxyhaemoglobin (0.78 μmol (SD 0.42) 100 g-1 brain tissue, P < 0.001) and a significant decrease in the mean concentration of deoxyhaemoglobin (0.80 μmol (SD 0.51) l00 g-1, P < 0.00l). These changes were associated with a significant increase in the calculated mean cerebral oxygen saturation from 43.9 % (SD 6.3) to 57.3 % (SD 5.6) (P < 0.001). The maximum rise in cerebral oxyhaemoglobin concentration occurred at a mean of 10.7 min (SD 3.9) following commencement of oxygen administration. On returning to air breathing these changes reversed. There were no changes in cerebral blood volume.
Conclusion Maternal oxygen administration during normal labour leads to a significant rise in fetal cerebral oxygenation.