Objective To test the hypothesis that intrapartum maternal oxygen administration increases fetal cerebral oxygenation during normal labour.
Design A prospective study comparing changes in fetal cerebral concentrations of oxyhaemo- globin, deoxyhaemoglobin and cerebral blood volume measured by near infrared spectroscopy, before, during and after maternal oxygen administration using a 60% Ventimask.
Setting Teaching hospital obstetric unit.
Subjects Ten term fetuses during uncomplicated labour.
Results Maternal oxygen administration for 15 min resulted in a significant increase in the mean concentration of fetal cerebral oxyhaemoglobin (0.78 μmol (SD 0.42) 100 g-1 brain tissue, P < 0.001) and a significant decrease in the mean concentration of deoxyhaemoglobin (0.80 μmol (SD 0.51) l00 g-1, P < 0.00l). These changes were associated with a significant increase in the calculated mean cerebral oxygen saturation from 43.9 % (SD 6.3) to 57.3 % (SD 5.6) (P < 0.001). The maximum rise in cerebral oxyhaemoglobin concentration occurred at a mean of 10.7 min (SD 3.9) following commencement of oxygen administration. On returning to air breathing these changes reversed. There were no changes in cerebral blood volume.
Conclusion Maternal oxygen administration during normal labour leads to a significant rise in fetal cerebral oxygenation.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.