Thirty-five women with retained products of conception after spontaneous miscarriage were randomised to expectant (n=19) or surgical (n=16) management, respectively. Women were reviewed at one week, two weeks and six months. There were no significant differences in the number of days of pain, bleeding, sick leave or return to normal periods. Nine of twelve women from the expectant group and six of nine from the surgical group who attempted to conceive did so by six months. All 16 women were satisfied with conservative management. This study provides further reassurance when considering expectant management for spontaneous miscarriage both in the short and medium term.