• 1
    Centers for Disease Control. 1993 revised classification system for HIV infection and expanded surveillance case definition for AIDS among adolescents and adults. MMWR 1992; 41:119.
  • 2
    Chu SY, Hanson DL, Jones JL. Pregnancy rates among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Obstet Gynecol 1996; 87:195198.
  • 3
    Taha TET, Miotti, P, Dallabetta, G, Chiphangwi J. HIV, maternal death and child survival. AIDS 1996; 10: 111112.
  • 4
    McDermott JM, Slutsker L, Steketee RW et al. Prospective assessment of mortality among a cohort of pregnant women in rural Malawi. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1996; 55: 6670.
  • 5
    Mandelbrot L, Henrion R. Does pregnancy accelerate disease progression in HIV-infected women? In: Johnson, MA, Johnstone, FD, eds. HIV Infection in Women. Edinburgh : Churchill Livingston, 1993; 157171.
  • 6
    Brettle RP. Pregnancy and its effect on HWAIDS. In: HIV Infection in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Bailliere Tindall , London . 1997; 124136.
  • 7
    Johnstone FD. HIV and pregnancy. Br J Obstet Gynuecol 1996; 103: 11841190.
  • 8
    Brettle RP, Raab GM, Ross A et al. HIV infection in women: immunological markers and the influence of pregnancy. AIDS 1995; 9: 11771184.
  • 9
    Temmerman M, Nagelkerke N, Bwayo J et al. HIV-1 and immunological changes during pregnancy: a comparison between HIV-1-seropositive and HIV-1-seronegative women in Nairobi, Kenya. AIDS 1995; 9: 10571060.
  • 10
    Miotti PG, Liomba G, Dallabetta GA et al. T lymphocyte subsets during and after pregnancy: analysis in human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected and -uninfected Malawian mothers J Infect Dis 1992; 165: 11161119.
  • 11
    Burns DN, Noujah P, Minkoff H et al. Changes in CD4+ and CD8+ cell levels during pregnancy and post partum in women seropositive and seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus-1. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1996; 174: 14611468.
  • 12
    Biggar RJ, Pahwa S, Minkoff H et al. Immunosuppression in pregnant women infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1989; 161: 12391244.
  • 13
    Brettle RP, Leen CL. The natural history of HIV and AIDS in women [editorial]. AIDS 1991; 5:12831292.
  • 14
    Boyer PJ. HIV infection in pregnancy. Pediatr Ann 1993; 22: 406412.
  • 15
    Katz VL, Lim W. HIV infection in pregnancy. A review of current developments. N C Med J 1995; 56:102104.
  • 16
    Eds. Chalmers, I, AltmanDG. Systematic Reviews. BMJ Publishing Group, London . 1995.
  • 17
    Bracken MB. Reporting observational studies Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1989; 96: 383388.
  • 18
    Weisser M, Rudin C, Battegay M et al. Influence of pregnancy on the Natural Course of HIV Infection. 1997: submitted to J AIDS..
  • 19
    Duarte G, Quitana SM, Gir E, Mussi-Pinhata MM. Poor pregnant women and HIV-I Infection: Maternal prognosis in a Brazilian Community. X International Conference on AIDS, Yokohama Japan, 1994; PB0440; (Abstract).
  • 20
    Thorne C, Newell ML, Dunn D, Peckham C. Characteristics of pregnant HIV-1 infected women in Europe. European Collaborative Study. AIDS Care 1996; 8: 3342.
  • 21
    Biedermann K. Pregnancy, immunosuppression and reactivation of latent toxoplasmosis. J Perinat Med 1995; 23: 191203.
  • 22
    Koonin LM, Ellerbrock TV, Atrash HK et al. Pregnancy-associated deaths due to AIDS in the United States. JAMA 1989; 261: 13061309.
  • 23
    Connor EM, Sperling RS, Gelber R et al. Reduction of maternal-infant transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 with zidovudine treatment. N Engl J Med 1994; 331:11731180.
  • 24
    Sperling RS, Stratton P. Treatment options for human immunodeficiency virus-infected pregnant women. Obstet Gynecol 1992; 79: 443448.
  • 25
    Berrebi A, Kobuch WE, Puel J et al. Influence of pregnancy on human immunodeficiency virus disease. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1990; 31211217.
  • 26
    Bledsoe K, Olopoenia L, Barnes S et al. Effect of pregnancy on progression of HIV infection [abstract]. VI International Conference on AIDS, San Francisco, California, USA, June, 1990: ThC 653.
  • 27
    Castelli F, Chiodera A, Tarantini M, Prati E, Bianchi UA, Carosi G. Pregnancy and HIV infection: an experience about 15 cases [abstract]. V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal, QuCbec, Canada, June, 1989: MBP 16.
  • 28
    Deschamps MM, Pap JW, Desvarieux M et al. A prospective study of HIV-seropositive asymptomatic women of childbearing age in a developing country. J AIDS 1993; 6: 446451.
  • 29
    Hocke C, Morlat P, Chene G, Dequae L. Dabis, F. Prospective cohort study of the effect of pregnancy on the progression of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Obstet Gynecol 1995; 86:886891.
  • 30
    Schoenbaum EE, Selweyn PA, Feingold AR, et al. The effect of pregnancy on progression to HIV related disease [abstract]. I International Conference on AIDS, Washington DC, June, 1987: THP 140.
  • 31
    Schoenbaum EE, Davenny K, Selweyn PA, Hartel D, Rogers M. The effect of pregnancy on progression of HIV-related disease [abstract]. V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal, QuCbec, Canada, June, 1989: MBP8.
  • 32
    MacCallum L, Cowan FM, Whitelaw J, Bums SM, Brettle RP. Disease progression following pregnancy in HIV seropositive women [abstract]. V International Conference on AIDS, Montreal, Québec, Canada, June, 1989: MBP3.
  • 33
    Nachman S. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection during pregnancy: a longitudinal study [abstract]. III International Conference on AIDS, Washington DC, June, 1987: MP55.
  • 34
    Schaefer A, Grosch-Woerner I, Friermann W et al. The effect of pregnancy on the natural course of the HIV-infection. IV International Conference on AIDS [abstract], Stockholm, Sweden, June, 1988; 4039.