SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Wyatt J. Uses and sources of medical knowledge. Lancet 1991; 338: 13681373.
  • 2
    EnkinM, KeirseM, Chalmers, I (editors). Preventing miscarriage. Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • 3
    Crawley P. Corticosteroids prior to preterm delivery. (Cochrane Review) In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford : Update Software, 1998.
  • 4
    Chalmers I, Enkin M, Keirse MJNC. Preparing and updating systematic reviews of randomized controlled trials of health care. MilQu 1993; 71: 411437.
  • 5
    Scottish Neonatal Consultants' Collaborative Study Group, International Neonatal Network. Trends and variations in use of antenatal corticosteroids to prevent neonatal respiratory distress syndrome: recommendations for national and international comparative audit. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1996; 103: 534540.
  • 6
    Johanson RB, Menon VJ. Vacuum extraction vs forceps. (Cochrane Review) In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2. Oxford : Update Software, 1998.
  • 7
    MeniruGI. An analysis of recent trends in vacuum extraction and forceps delivery in the United Kingdom. Br J Obsfet Gynaecol. 1996; 103: 168170.
  • 8
    Drife JO. Choice and instrumental delivery [commentary]. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1996; 103: 608611.
  • 9
    Sackett DL, Haynes RB, Guyatt GH, Tugwell P. A basic science for clinical medicine. Clinical Epidemiology 339423.
  • 10
    Slawson DC, Shaughnessy AF, Bennet JH. Becoming a medical information master: feeling good about not knowing everything. J Fam Pruct. 1994; 38: 505513.
  • 11
    Bennett KJ, Sackett DL, Haynes RB, Neufeld VR, Tugwell P, Roberts R. A controlled trial of teaching critical appraisal of the clinical literature to medical students JAMA. 1987; 257: 24512454.
  • 12
    The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database. Issue 2, Oxford: Update Software; 1995. London : BMJ Publishing Group.
  • 13
    Domenighetti G, Luraschi P, Gutwiller F et al. Effect of information campaign by the mass media on hysterectomy rates. Lancet 1988; 2: 14701473.
  • 14
    Green LW. Health Education Planning: a Diagnostic Approach. Palo Alto , California : Mayfield Press, 1980.
  • 15
    Davis DA, Thomson MA, Oxman AD, Haynes B. Evidence for the effectiveness of CME: a review of 50 randomized controlled trials. JAMA 1992; 268: 11111117.
  • 16
    Kanouse DE, Jacoby I. When does information change practitioners' behavior Intl J Technol Asses Health Care 1988; 4:2733.
  • 17
    Lomas J. Retailing research: increasing role of evidence in clinical services for childbirth. Mil Q 1993; 71: 439475.
  • 18
    Paterson-Brown S, Wyatt JC, Fisk NM. Are clinicians interested in up to date reviews of effective care BMJ 1993; 307: 14640000.
  • 19
    Lomas J, Anderson GM, Domnick-Pierre K, Vayda E, Enkin MW, Hannah WJ. Do practice guidelines guide practice N Engl J Med 1989; 321: 13061311.
  • 20
    Grec PJ, Eisenberg JM. Changing physicians' practices. N Engl J Med 1993; 329: 12711274.
  • 21
    Kosecoff J, Kanouse DE, Rogers WH, McCloskey L, Winslow CM, Brook RH. Effects of the National Institutes of Health consensus development program on physician practice. JAMA 1987; 258: 27082713.
  • 22
    Lomas J, Enkin M, Anderson GM, Hannah WJ, Vayda E, Singer J. Opinion leaders vs audit and feedback to implement practice guidelines: delivery after previous cesarean section. JAMA 1991; 265: 22022207.
  • 23
    Dixon AS. The evolution of clinical policies. Medical Care 1990; 28: 201220.
  • 24
    Soumerai SB, Avorn J. Principles of academic outreach (academic detailing) to improve clinical decision making. JAMA 1990; 263: 549556.
  • 25
    Soumerai SB, McLaughlin TJ, Avorn J. Improving drug prescribing in primary care: A critical analysis of the experimental literature. Mil Qu 1989; 67: 268317.
  • 26
    Evans CE, Haynes RB, Birkett NJ et al. Does a mailed continuing education program improve physician performance? Results of a randomized trial in antihypertensive care. JAMA. 1986; 255: 501504.
  • 27
    Dyck FJ, Murphy FA, Murphy JK et al. Effect of surveillance on the number of hysterectomies in the province of Saskatchewan. N Engl J Med 1917; 296: 13261328.
  • 28
    Chassin MR, McCue SM. A randomized trial of medical quality assurance. JAMA 1986; 256: 10121016.
  • 29
    Buntix F, Knottnerrus JA, Crebolder HFJM, Seegers T, Essed GGM, Schouten H. Does feedback improve the quality of cervical smears? A randomized controlled trial. Br J Gen Pruct 1993; 43: 194198.
  • 30
    Mugford M, Banfield P, O'Hanlon M. Effects of feedback of information on clinical practice: a review. BMJ 1991; 303: 398402.
  • 31
    Hayward J. Purchasing clinically effective care. BMJ 1994; 309: 823824.
  • 32
    McKee M, Clarke A. Guidelines, enthusiasms, uncertainty, and the limits to purchasing. BMJ 1995; 310: 101104.
  • 33
    Hopkins A. What do we mean by appropriate health care Qual Health Cure 1993; 2: 117123.
  • 34
    Greer AL. The state of the art versus the state of the science. Intl J Technol Asses Health Care 1988; 4: 526.
  • 35
    Al-Mufti R, McCarthy A, Fisk NM. Obstetricians' personal choice and mode of delivery. Lancet 1996; 347: 544.
  • 36
    Page GG, Bates J, Dyer SM et al. Physician assessment and physician enhancement programs in Canada. Can Med Assoc J 1995; 153: 17231728.
  • 37
    Wilkinson P. Continuing medical education for the trained physician. Recommendations for the introduction and implementation of a CME system. Postgrad Med J 1994; 70: 732.
  • 38
    Stein LS. The effectiveness of continuing medical education: eight research reports. J Med Edu 1981; 56: 103110.
  • 39
    Haynes RB, Davis DA, McKibbon A, Tugwell P. A Critical appraisal of the efficacy of continuing medical education. JAMA 1984; 251:6164.
  • 40
    Davis DA, Thomson MA, Oxman AD, Haynes RB. Changing physician performance: a systematic review of the effect of continuing medical education strategies JAMA 1995; 274: 700705.
  • 41
    Oxman AD. No magic bullets: a systematic review of 102 trials of interventions to help health care professionals deliver services more effectively or efficiently. London : North East Thames Regional Health Authority, 1994.
  • 42
    Haines A, Jones R. Implementing findings of research. BMJ 1994; 308: 14881492.
  • 43
    Stocking B. Promoting change in clinical care. Quul Health Cure 1992; 1:5660.
  • 44
    Wensing M, Grol R. Single and combined strategies for implementing changes in primary care: a literature review. Int J Qual Health Care. 1994; 6: 115132.