Concentration of cord serum placenta growth factor in normal and diabetic pregnancies
Article first published online: 6 OCT 2004
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 112, Issue 1, pages 75–79, January 2005
How to Cite
Loukovaara, M., Leinonen, P., Teramo, K. and Andersson, S. (2005), Concentration of cord serum placenta growth factor in normal and diabetic pregnancies. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 112: 75–79. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2004.00337.x
- Issue published online: 6 OCT 2004
- Article first published online: 6 OCT 2004
Objective To investigate whether maternal diabetes or diabetes-related complications, such as macrosomia and chronic fetal hypoxia, are associated with altered placenta growth factor (PlGF) levels in cord serum.
Design Case–control study.
Setting Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
Population Sixty-two normal pregnancies, 67 pregnancies complicated by type 1 diabetes and 28 pregnancies complicated by insulin-treated gestational diabetes.
Methods Cord serum PlGF concentration was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Amniotic fluid erythropoietin concentration was measured by a chemiluminescent immunologic method. Umbilical artery gas variables were analysed with standard blood gas and pH electrodes.
Main outcome measure PlGF concentration in cord serum at birth.
Results Cord serum PlGF concentration was similar in normal pregnancies [13.4 (1.0) ng/L], in pregnancies complicated by type 1 diabetes [15.1 (1.8) ng/L, P= 0.583 vs controls] and in pregnancies complicated by insulin-treated gestational diabetes [13.6 (0.9) ng/L, P= 0.991 vs controls]. Cord serum PlGF did not correlate with relative birthweight. In diabetic pregnancies, cord serum PlGF correlated negatively with amniotic fluid erythropoietin (r=−0.449, P < 0.0001) and positively with umbilical artery Po2 (r= 0.333, P= 0.001). There was a trend toward lower cord serum PlGF levels in diabetic pregnancies with pre-eclampsia compared with those without any hypertensive disorders.
Conclusions Maternal diabetes per se is not associated with altered PlGF levels in cord serum. The correlation between PlGF and indices of fetal hypoxia in diabetic pregnancies may be related to the role of PlGF in potentiating the angiogenic response to vascular endothelial growth factor in ischaemia.