Does training in obstetric emergencies improve neonatal outcome?
Article first published online: 13 JAN 2006
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 113, Issue 2, pages 177–182, February 2006
How to Cite
Draycott, T., Sibanda, T., Owen, L., Akande, V., Winter, C., Reading, S. and Whitelaw, A. (2006), Does training in obstetric emergencies improve neonatal outcome?. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 113: 177–182. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2006.00800.x
- Issue published online: 13 JAN 2006
- Article first published online: 13 JAN 2006
- Accepted 28 September 2005.
Objectives To determine whether the introduction of Obstetrics Emergency Training in line with the recommendations of the Clinical Negligence Scheme for Trusts (CNST) was associated with a reduction in perinatal asphyxia and neonatal hypoxic–ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE).
Design A retrospective cohort observational study.
Setting A tertiary referral maternity unit in a teaching hospital.
Population Term, cephalic presenting, singleton infants born at Southmead Hospital between 1998 and 2003 were identified; those born by elective Caesarean sections were excluded.
Method Five-minute Apgar scores were reviewed. Infants that developed HIE were prospectively identified throughout this period. The study compared the period ‘pre-training’ (1998–1999), with the period ‘post-training’ (2001–2003).
Main outcome measures Five-minute Apgar scores and HIE.
Results Infants (19,460) were included. Infants born with 5-minute Apgar scores of ≤6 decreased from 86.6 to 44.6 per 10,000 births (P < 0.001) and those with HIE decreased from 27.3 to 13.6 per 10,000 births (P= 0.032) following the introduction of the training courses in 2000. Antepartum and intrapartum stillbirth at term rates remained unchanged, at about 15 and 4 per 10,000 births, respectively.
Conclusion The introduction of obstetric emergencies training courses was associated with a significant reduction in low 5-minute Apgar scores and HIE. This improvement has been sustained as the training has continued. This is the first time an educational intervention has been shown to be associated with a clinically important, and sustained, improvement in perinatal outcome.