SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Obesity: Preventing and Managing a Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Support Series 894. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2000.
  • 2
    Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in obesity among U.S. adults, 1999–2000. JAMA 2002;288:17237.
  • 3
    Ogden CL, Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in overweight among U.S. children and adolescents. JAMA 2002;288:172832.
  • 4
    Ehrenberg HM, Dierker L, Milluzzi C, Mercer BM. Prevalence of maternal obesity in an urban center. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;187:118993.
  • 5
    Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OCED). Health Data 2005: Statistics and Indicators for 50 Countries. Andre Pascal, France: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2005.
  • 6
    National Heart and Lung Institute (NHLBI) and National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults. The evidence report. Obes Res 1998;6(Suppl 2):5152105.
  • 7
    Institute of Medicine (US). Nutritional status and weight gain. In: Nutrition During Pregnancy. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1990. p. 27233.
  • 8
    Ehrenberg HM, Huston-Presley L, Catalano PM. The influence of obesity and gestational diabetes on accretion and the distribution of adipose tissue in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003;189:9448.
  • 9
    Lashen H, Fear K, Sturdee DW. Obesity is associated with increased first trimester and recurrent miscarriage: matched case-control study. Hum Reprod 2004;19:16446.
  • 10
    Fedorcsak P, Storeng R, Dale PO, Tanho T, Abyholm T. Obesity is a risk factor for early pregnancy loss after IVF or ICSI. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2000;79:438.
  • 11
    Weiss JL, Malone FD, Emig D, Ball RH, Nyberg DA, Comstock CH, et al. Obesity, obstetric complications and cesarean delivery rate—a population based screening study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;190:10917.
  • 12
    American College of Obstetrics and Gynecologists. Obesity in pregnancy. ACOG Committee Opinion No. 315. Obstet Gynecol 2005;106:6715.
  • 13
    Durnwald CD, Ehrenberg HM, Mercer BM. The impact of maternal obesity and weight gain on original birth after cesarean section success. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:9547.
  • 14
    Ray JG, Wyatt PR, Vermuellen MJ, Meir C, Cole DEC. Greater maternal weight and the ongoing risk of neural tube defects after folic acid flour fortification. Obstet Gynecol 2005;105:2615.
  • 15
    Hendler I, Blackwell SC, Bujold E, Treadwell MC, Wolfe HM, Sokol RJ, et al. The impact of maternal obesity on midtrimester sonographic visualization of fetal cardiac and craniospinal structures. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004;12:160711.
  • 16
    Surkan PJ, Hsieh C-C, Johansson A LU, Dickman PW, Cnattingius S. Reasons for increasing trends in large for gestational age births. Obstet Gynecol 2004;104:7206.
  • 17
    Anath CV, Wen SW. Trends in fetal growth among singleton gestations in the United States and Canada, 1985 through 1998. Semin Perinatol 2002;26:2607.
  • 18
    Orskou J, Kesmodel U, Henrikson TB, Secker NJ. An increasing proportion of infants weigh more than 4000 grams at birth. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2001;80:9316.
  • 19
    Catalano P, Ashmead GG, Huston-Presley L, Amini SB. The obesity cycle comes full circle: increasing trends in birth weight. Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Group 37th Annual Meeting, 15–18 September 2005, Myconos, Greece. Abstract 15.
  • 20
    Ozanne SE, Fernandez-Twinn D, Hales CN. Fetal growth and adult disease. Semin Perinatol 2004;28:817.
  • 21
    Khan IY, Lakasing L, Poston L, Nicolaides KH. Fetal programming for adult disease: where next? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2003;13:2929.
  • 22
    Lechtig A, Habracht J-P, Delgado H, Klein RE, Yarbrough C, Martorell R. Effect of food supplementation during pregnancy on birthweight. Pediatrics 1975;56:50820.
  • 23
    Eastman NJ, Jackson E. Weight relationships in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv 1968;23:100325.
  • 24
    Love EJ, Kinch RAH. Factors influencing the birth weight in normal pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1965;91:3429.
  • 25
    Humphreys RC. An analysis of the maternal and foetal weight factors in normal pregnancy. J Obstet Gynecol Br Emp 1954;61:76471.
  • 26
    Abrams BF, Laros RK. Prepregnancy weight, weight gain and birth weight. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1986;154:5039.
  • 27
    McKeown T, Gibson JR. Observations on all births (23,970) in Birmingham, 1947. II. Birth weight. Br J Soc Med 1951;5:98112.
  • 28
    Thompson AM, Billewicz WZ, Hytten FE. The assessment of fetal growth. J Obstet Gynecol 1968;75:90316.
  • 29
    Morton NE. The inheritance of human birth weight. Ann Hum Genet 1955;20:12534.
  • 30
    Walton A, Hammond S. Maternal effects on growth and conformation in Shire horse-Shetland pony crosses. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 1938;125B:31135.
  • 31
    Klebanoff MA, Mednick BR, Schulsinger C, Secher NJ, Shiono PH. Father’s effect on infant birth weight. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1998;178:1226.
  • 32
    Moulton CR. Age and chemical development in mammals. J Biol Chem 1923;57:7997.
  • 33
    Sparks JW. Human intrauterine growth and nutrient accretion. Semin Perinatol 1984;8:7493.
  • 34
    Girard J, Ferre P. Metabolic and hormonal changes around birth. In: JonesCT, editor. Biochemical Development of the Fetus and Neonate. New York, NY: Elsevier Biomedical Press; 1982. p. 517.
  • 35
    Fiorotto MC, Klish WJ. Total body electrical conductivity measurements in the neonate. Clin Perinatol 1991;18:61127.
  • 36
    Catalano PM, Thomas AJ, Avallone DA, Amini SB. Anthropometric estimation of neonatal body composition. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1995;173:117681.
  • 37
    Fiorotto MC, Cochran WJ, Runk RC, Sheng J-P, Klish WJ. Total body electrical conductivity measurements: effects of body composition and geometry. Am J Physiol 1987;252:R798800.
  • 38
    Catalano PM, Tyzbir ED, Allen SR. McBean JH, McAuliffe TL. Evaluation of fetal growth by estimation of body composition. Obstet Gynecol 1992;79:4650.
  • 39
    Catalano PM, Thomas A, Huston-Presley L, Amini SB. Increased fetal adiposity: a very sensitive marker of abnormal in utero development. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003;189:1698704.
  • 40
    Durnwald C, Huston-Presley L, Amini S, Catalano P. Evaluation of body composition of large-for-gestational-age infants of women with gestational diabetes mellitus compared with women with normal glucose tolerance levels. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:8048.
  • 41
    Catalano PM, Drago NM, Amini SB. Maternal carbohydrate metabolism and its relationship to fetal growth and body composition. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1995;1172:146470.
  • 42
    Radaelli T, Varastehpour A, Catalano P, Hauguel-de Mouzon S. Gestational diabetes induces placental genes for chronic stress and inflammatory pathways. Diabetes 2003;52:29518.
  • 43
    Ehrenberg HM, Mercer BM, Catalano PM. The influence of obesity and diabetes on the prevalence of macrosomia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:9648.
  • 44
    Oken E, Gillman MW. Fetal origins of obesity. Obes Res 2003;11:496506.
  • 45
    Garn SM, Clark DC. Trends in fatness and the origins of obesity. Pediatrics 1976;57:44356.
  • 46
    Garn SM, Cole PE, Bailey SM. Living together as a factor in family line resemblances. Hum Biol 1979;51:56587.
  • 47
    Curhan GC, Cherton GM, Willet WC, Spiegelman D, Colditz GA, Manson JE, et al. Birth weight and adult hypertension and obesity in women. Circulation 1996;94:131015.
  • 48
    Curhan GC, Willett WC, Rimm EB, Spiegelman D, Ascherio AL, Stampfer MJ. Birth weight and adult hypertension, diabetes mellitus and obesity in U.S. men. Circulation 1996;94:324650.
  • 49
    Martorell R, Stein AD, Schroeder DG. Early nutrition and adiposity. J Nutr 2001;131:8745805.
  • 50
    Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Nelson OE, Engelmau MM, Vinicor F, et al. Diabetes trends in the U.S. 1990–1998. Diabetes Care 2000;23:127883.
  • 51
    Sinha R, Fisch G, Teague B, Tamborlane WV, Banyas B, Allen K, et al. Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance among children and adolescents with marked obesity. N Engl J Med 2002;346:80210.
  • 52
    Whitaker RC. Predicting preschooler obesity at birth: the role of maternal obesity in early pregnancy. Pediatrics 2004;114:2936.
  • 53
    Langer O, Yogev Y, Xenakis EMJ, Brustman L. Overweight and obese in gestational diabetes: the impact on pregnancy outcome. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;192:136876.
  • 54
    Dabelea D, Hanson RL, Lindsay RS, Pettitt DJ, Imperatore G, Gabir MM, et al. Intrauterine exposure to diabetes conveys risks for type 2 diabetes and obesity: a study of discordant sibships. Diabetes 2000;49:220811.
  • 55
    Boney CM, Verma A, Tucker R, Vohr BR. Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics 2005;115:2906.