SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Barker DJ, Gluckman PD, Godfrey KM, Harding JE, Owens JA, Robinson JS. Fetal nutrition and adult cardiovascular disease in adult life. Lancet 1993;341:93841.
  • 2
    Barker DJ, Hales CN, Fall CH, Osmond C, Phipps K, Clark PM. Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia (syndrome X): relation to reduced fetal growth. Diabetologia 1993;36:627.
  • 3
    Levine RS, Hennekens CH, Jesse MJ. Blood pressure in prospective population based cohort of newborn and infant twins. BMJ 1994;308:298302.
  • 4
    Yajnik CS, Fall CH, Vaidya U, Pandit AN, Bavdekar A, Bhat DS, et al. Fetal growth and glucose and insulin metabolism in four year old Indian children. Diabet Med 1995;12:3306.
  • 5
    Barker DJ. Fetal and infant origins of adult disease. BMJ 1991;301:1111.
  • 6
    Clark PM. Programming of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and the fetal origins of adult disease hypothesis. Eur J Pediatr 1998;157(Suppl 1):S710.
  • 7
    Weisberg E. Smoking and reproductive health. Clin Reprod Fertil 1985;3:17586.
  • 8
    Longo LD. Carbon monoxide: effects of oxygenation of the fetus in utero. Science 1976;194:52325.
  • 9
    Quigley ME, Sheehan KL, Wilkes MM, Yen SS. Effects of maternal smoking on circulating catecholamine levels and fetal heart rates. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1979;133:68590.
  • 10
    Murphy BEP. Human fetal serum cortisol levels at delivery: a review. Endocrin Rev 1983;4:1504.
  • 11
    Ruth V, Hallman M, Laatikainen T. Corticotropin-releasing hormone and cortisol in cord plasma in relation to gestational age, labor, and fetal distress. Am J Perinat 1993;10:1158.
  • 12
    Kauppila A, Koivisto M, Pukka M, Tuimala R. Umbilical cord and neonatal cortisol levels. Obstet Gynecol 1978;52:66672.
  • 13
    Goland RS, Jozak S, Warren WB, Conwell IM, Stark RI, Tropper PJ. Elevated levels of umbilical cord plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone in growth-retarded fetuses. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1993;77:11749.
  • 14
    Sippell WG, Dorr HG, Becker H, Bidlingmaier F, Mickan H, Holzmann K. Simultaneous determination of seven unconjugated steroids in maternal venous and umbilical arterial and venous serum in elective and emergency cesarean section at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1979;135:53042.
  • 15
    Seron-Ferre M, Riffo R, Valenzuela GJ, Germain AM. Twenty-four-hour pattern of cortisol in the human fetus at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;184:127883.
  • 16
    Economides DL, Nicolaides KH, Linton EA, Perry LA, Chard T. Plasma cortisol and adrenocorticotropin in appropriate and small for gestational age fetuses. Fetal Ther 1988;3:15864.
  • 17
    Sug-Tang A, Bocking AD, Brooks AN, Hooper S, White SE, Jacobs RA, et al. Effects of restricting uteroplacental blood flow on concentrations of corticotrophin-releasing hormone, adrenocorticotrophin, cortisol, and prostaglandin E2 in the sheep fetus during late pregnancy. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 1992;70:1396402.
  • 18
    Jones CT, Roebuck MM, Walker DW, Johnston BM. Modulation of the responses of fetal sheep to adrenergic stimulation by adrenal demedullation and chemical sympathectomy. J Dev Physiol 1989;11:4554.
  • 19
    McDonald SD, Perkins SL, Walker MC. Correlation between self-reported smoking status and serum cotinine during pregnancy. Addict Behav 2005;30:8537.
  • 20
    Baer L, Radichevich I. Cigarette smoking in hypertensive patients. Blood pressure and endocrine responses. Am J Med 1985;78:5648.
  • 21
    Dupouy JP, Chatelain A, Allaume P. Absence of transplacental passage of ACTH in the rat: direct experimental proof. Biol Neonate 1980;37:96102.
  • 22
    Ramsay DS, Lewis M. The effects of birth condition on infants’ cortisol response to stress. Pediatrics 1995;95:5469.
  • 23
    Rivkees SA. Emergence and influences of circadian rhythmicity in infants. Clin Perinatol 2004;31:21728.
  • 24
    Levitt NS, Lindsay RS, Holmes MC, Seckl JR. Dexamethasone in the last week of pregnancy attenuates hippocampal glucocorticoid receptor gene expression and elevates blood pressure in the adult offspring in the rat. Neuroendocrinology 1996;64:41218.
  • 25
    Clark PM, Hindmarsh PC, Shiell AW, Law CM, Honour JW, Barker DJ. Size at birth and adrenocortical function in childhood. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1996;45:7216.
  • 26
    Phillips DI, Walker BR, Reynolds RM, Flanagan DE, Wood PJ, Osmond C, et al. Low birth weight predicts elevated plasma cortisol concentrations in adults from 3 populations. Hypertension 2000;35:13016.
  • 27
    Law CM, Barker DJ, Bull AR, Osmond C. Maternal and fetal influences on blood pressure. Arch Dis Child 1991;66:12915.
  • 28
    Law CM, Gordon GS, Shiell AW, Barker DJ, Hales CN. Thinness at birth and glucose tolerance in seven-year-old children. Diabet Med 1995;12:249.
  • 29
    Hautanen A, Adlercreutz H. Hyperinsulinaemia, dyslipidaemia and exaggerated adrenal androgen response to adrenocorticotropin in male smokers. Diabetologia 1993;36:127581.
  • 30
    Del Arbol JL, Munoz JR, Ojeda L, Cascales AL, Irles JR, Miranda MT, et al. Plasma concentrations of beta-endorphin in smokers who consume different numbers of cigarettes per day. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2000;67:258.
  • 31
    Phillips DI, Barker DJ, Fall CH, Seckl JR, Whorwood CB, Wood PJ, et al. Elevated plasma cortisol concentrations: a link between low birth weight and the insulin resistance syndrome? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998;83:75760.
  • 32
    Lowe C. Effect of mothers’ smoking habits on birth weight of their children. Br Med J 1959;5153:6736.
  • 33
    Perkins SL, Belcher JM, Livesey JF. A Canadian tertiary care centre study of maternal and umbilical cord cotinine levels as markers of smoking during pregnancy: relationship to neonatal effects. Can J Public Health 1997;88:2327.
  • 34
    Kukla L, Hruba D, Tyrlik M, European Longitudinal Study of the Pregnancy and childhood. Smoking and damages of reproduction: evidence of ELSPAC. Cent Eur J Public Health 2001;9:5963.
  • 35
    Young Donald S. Effects of Preanalytical Variables on Clinical Laboratory Tests, 2nd edn. Washington, DC: AACC Press (American Association for Clinical Chemistry), 1997.
  • 36
    Meakin JW, Tingey WH Jr, Nelson D. The catabolism of adrenocorticotropic hormone: the stability of adrenocorticotropic hormone: the stability of adrenocorticotropic hormone in blood, plasma, serum, and saline. Endocrinology 1960;66:5972.
  • 37
    Riboli E, Haley NJ, De WF, Saracci R. Validity of urinary biomarkers of exposure to tobacco smoke following prolonged storage. Int J Epidemiol 1995;24:3548.