SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Hamilton BE, Martin JA, Ventura SJ, Sutton PD, Menaker F. Births: preliminary data for 2004. National vital statistics reports; 54(8). Hyattsville, MA: National Institute for Health Statistics, 2005.
  • 2
    Goel MS, McCarthy EP, Phillips RS, Wee CC. Obesity among US immigrant subgroups by duration of residence. JAMA 2004;292:28607.
  • 3
    Koya DL, Egede LE. Association between length of residence and cardiovascular disease risk factors among an ethnically diverse group of United States immigrants. J Gen Intern Med 2007;22:8416.
  • 4
    Gany FM, Shah SM, Changrani J. New York city’s immigrant minorities. Reducing cancer health disparities. Cancer 2006;107:207181.
  • 5
    Andreeva VA, Unger JB, Pentz MA. Breast cancer among immigrants: a systematic review and new research directions. J Immigr Minor Health 2007;9:30722.
  • 6
    Collins JW Jr, David RJ. Differences in neonatal mortality by race, income, and prenatal care. Ethn Dis 1992;2:1826.
  • 7
    Collins JW Jr, David RJ, Simon DM, Prachand NG. Preterm birth among African American and white women with a lifelong residence in high-income Chicago neighborhoods: an exploratory study. Ethn Dis 2007;17:11317.
  • 8
    Buekens P, Notzon F, Kotelchuck M, Wilcox A. Why do Mexican Americans give birth to few low-birth-weight infants? Am J Epidemiol 2000;152:34751.
  • 9
    Guendelman S, Buekens P, Blondel B, Kaminski M, Notzon FC, Masuy-Stroobant G. Birth outcomes of immigrant women in the United States, France, and Belgium. Matern Child Health J 1999;3:17787.
  • 10
    Berkowitz GS, Lapinski RH, Wein R, Lee D. Race/ethnicity and other risk factors for gestational diabetes. Am J Epidemiol 1992;135:96573.
  • 11
    Dye TD, Knox KL, Artal R, Aubry RH, Wojtowycz MA. Physical activity, obesity, and diabetes in pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol 1997;146:9615.
  • 12
    Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999–2000. JAMA 2002;288:17237.
  • 13
    Shai I, Jiang R, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Colditz GA, et al. Ethnicity, obesity, and risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a 20-year follow-up study. Diabetes Care 2006;29:158590.
  • 14
    Naylor CD, Sermer M, Chen E, Sykora K. Cesarean delivery in relation to birth weight and gestational glucose tolerance: pathophysiology or practice style? Toronto Trihospital Gestational Diabetes Investigators. JAMA 1996;275:116570.
  • 15
    Lu GC, Rouse DJ, DuBard M, Cliver S, Kimberlin D, Hauth JC. The effect of the increasing prevalence of maternal obesity on perinatal morbidity. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001;185:8459.
  • 16
    Rosenberg TJ, Garbers S, Lipkind H, Chiasson MA. Maternal obesity and diabetes as risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes: differences among 4 racial/ethnic groups. Am J Public Health 2005;95:154551.
  • 17
    Spellacy WN, Miller S, Winegar A, Peterson PQ. Macrosomia–maternal characteristics and infant complications. Obstet Gynecol 1985;66:15861.
  • 18
    Anderson JL, Waller DK, Canfield MA, Shaw GM, Watkins ML, Werler MM. Maternal obesity, gestational diabetes, and central nervous system birth defects. Epidemiology 2005;16:8792.
  • 19
    Garner P, Okun N, Keely E, Wells G, Perkins S, Sylvain J, et al. A randomized controlled trial of strict glycemic control and tertiary level obstetric care versus routine obstetric care in the management of gestational diabetes: a pilot study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;177:1905.
  • 20
    Xiong X, Saunders LD, Wang FL, Demianczuk NN. Gestational diabetes mellitus: prevalence, risk factors, maternal and infant outcomes. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2001;75:2218.
  • 21
    Persson B, Gentz J, Moller E. Follow-up of children of insulin dependent (type I) and gestational diabetic mothers. Growth pattern, glucose tolerance, insulin response, and HLA types. Acta Paediatr Scand 1984;73:77884.
  • 22
    Beischer NA, Wein P, Sheedy MT, Werther GA, Gold H. Maternal glucose tolerance and obstetric complications in pregnancies in which the offspring developed type I diabetes. Diabetes Care 1994;17:8324.
  • 23
    Whitaker RC, Pepe MS, Seidel KD, Wright JA, Knopp RH. Gestational diabetes and the risk of offspring obesity. Pediatrics 1998;101:E9.
  • 24
    Vohr BR, McGarvey ST, Tucker R. Effects of maternal gestational diabetes on offspring adiposity at 4–7 years of age. Diabetes Care 1999;22:128491.
  • 25
    United Nations. Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistics Use. New York, NY: United Nations, 1999.
  • 26
    Lydon-Rochelle MT, Holt VL, Cardenas V, Nelson JC, Easterling TR, Gardella C, et al. The reporting of pre-existing maternal medical conditions and complications of pregnancy on birth certificates and in hospital discharge data. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005;193:12534.
  • 27
    Spiegelman D, Hertzmark E. Easy SAS calculations for risk or prevalence ratios and differences. Am J Epidemiol 2005;162:199200.
  • 28
    McCullagh P. Generalized Linear Models, Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probability, 2nd edn. London: Chapman & Hall, 1989.
  • 29
    Evenson KR, Savitz DA, Huston SL. Leisure-time physical activity among pregnant women in the US. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2004;18:4007.
  • 30
    Dornhorst A, Paterson CM, Nicholls JS, Wadsworth J, Chiu DC, Elkeles RS, et al. High prevalence of gestational diabetes in women from ethnic minority groups. Diabet Med 1992;9:8205.
  • 31
    Savitz DA, Baron AE. Estimating and correcting for confounder misclassification. Am J Epidemiol 1989;129:106271.
  • 32
    Thorpe LE, Berger D, Ellis JA, Bettegowda VR, Brown G, Matte T, et al. Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in gestational diabetes among pregnant women in New York City, 1990–2001. Am J Public Health 2005;95:15369.
  • 33
    Green JR, Pawson IG, Schumacher LB, Perry J, Kretchmer N. Glucose tolerance in pregnancy: ethnic variation and influence of body habitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1990;163:8692.
  • 34
    Kieffer EC, Carman WJ, Gillespie BW, Nolan GH, Worley SE, Guzman JR. Obesity and gestational diabetes among African-American women and Latinas in Detroit: implications for disparities in women’s health. J Am Med Womens Assoc 2001;56:1817, 196.
  • 35
    Ferrara A, Kahn HS, Quesenberry CP, Riley C, Hedderson MM. An increase in the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus: Northern California, 1991–2000. Obstet Gynecol 2004;103:52633.
  • 36
    Nahum GG, Huffaker BJ. Racial differences in oral glucose screening test results: establishing race-specific criteria for abnormality in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1993;81:51722.
  • 37
    Koukkou E, Taub N, Jackson P, Metcalfe G, Cameron M, Lowy C. Difference in prevalence of gestational diabetes and perinatal outcome in an innercity multiethnic London population. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 1995;59:1537.
  • 38
    Retnakaran R, Hanley AJ, Connelly PW, Sermer M, Zinman B. Ethnicity modifies the effect of obesity on insulin resistance in pregnancy: a comparison of Asian, South Asian, and Caucasian women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2006;91:937.
  • 39
    Scott DA, Loveman E, McIntyre L, Waugh N. Screening for gestational diabetes: a systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technol Assess 2002;6:1161.
  • 40
    Lydon-Rochelle MT, Holt VL, Nelson JC, Cardenas V, Gardella C, Easterling TR, et al. Accuracy of reporting maternal in-hospital diagnoses and intrapartum procedures in Washington state linked birth records. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2005;19:46071.
  • 41
    Yasmeen S, Romano PS, Schembri ME, Keyzer JM, Gilbert WM. Accuracy of obstetric diagnoses and procedures in hospital discharge data. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006;194:9921001.