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Somali women and their pregnancy outcomes postmigration: data from six receiving countries
Article first published online: 13 NOV 2008
© 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © RCOG 2008 BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 115, Issue 13, pages 1630–1640, December 2008
How to Cite
Small, R., Gagnon, A., Gissler, M., Zeitlin, J., Bennis, M., Glazier, R., Haelterman, E., Martens, G., McDermott, S., Urquia, M. and Vangen, S. (2008), Somali women and their pregnancy outcomes postmigration: data from six receiving countries. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 115: 1630–1640. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.01942.x
- Issue published online: 13 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 13 NOV 2008
- Accepted 16 August 2008.
- Caesarean section;
- pregnancy outcomes;
Objective This study aimed to investigate pregnancy outcomes in Somali-born women compared with those women born in each of the six receiving countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
Design Meta-analyses of routinely collected data on confinements and births.
Setting National or regional perinatal datasets spanning 3–6 years between 1997 and 2004 from six countries.
Sample A total of 10 431 Somali-born women and 2 168 891 receiving country-born women.
Methods Meta-analyses to compare outcomes for Somali-born and receiving country-born women across the six countries.
Main outcome measures Events of labour (induction, epidural use and proportion of women using no analgesia), mode of birth (spontaneous vaginal birth, operative vaginal birth and caesarean section) and infant outcomes (preterm birth, birthweight, Apgar at 5 minutes, stillbirths and neonatal deaths).
Results Compared with receiving country-born women, Somali-born women were less likely to give birth preterm (pooled OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.64–0.81) or to have infants of low birthweight (pooled OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.82–0.98), but there was an excess of caesarean sections, particularly in first births (pooled OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.25–1.59) and an excess of stillbirths (pooled OR 1.86, 95% CI 1.38–2.51).
Conclusions This analysis has identified a number of disparities in outcomes between Somali-born women and their receiving country counterparts. The disparities are not readily explained and they raise concerns about the provision of maternity care for Somali women postmigration. Review of maternity care practices followed by implementation and careful evaluation of strategies to improve both care and outcomes for Somali women is needed.