Bob Dylan: Blood On The Tracks. Columbia Records LTD, USA, 1975.
‘Blood On The Tracks’ from corpora lutea to endometriomas*
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2009
© 2009 The Authors Journal compilation © RCOG 2009 BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 116, Issue 3, pages 366–371, February 2009
How to Cite
Vercellini, P., Somigliana, E., Vigano, P., Abbiati, A., Barbara, G. and Fedele, L. (2009), ‘Blood On The Tracks’ from corpora lutea to endometriomas. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 116: 366–371. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.02055.x
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2009
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2009
- Accepted 20 October 2008.
- Corpus luteum;
Objective To detect a direct transition from a haemorrhagic corpus luteum to an endometriotic cyst by serial transvaginal ultrasonographic scans.
Design Prospective observational study.
Setting An academic tertiary care and referral centre for women with endometriosis.
Population One hundred and nine women younger than 40 years, with regular menstrual cycles, undergoing first-line surgery for endometriomas, and not wanting postoperative oral contraception.
Methods Three-monthly transvaginal ultrasonography during the luteal phase for 2 years after surgery.
Main outcome measure Sonographic identification of progression from a haemorrhagic corpus luteum to a recurrent endometriotic cyst.
Results A haemorrhagic corpus luteum was identified in 13 women. Serial ultrasonographic scans demonstrated transition to an endometriotic cyst in 11 (85%) instances and resorption in two. A unilateral endometriotic cyst without previous detection of a cystic corpus luteum was observed in 14 women.
Conclusions Bleeding from a corpus luteum appears to be a critical event in the development of endometriomas.