Inter- and intra-observer agreement of intrapartum ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram in women monitored by STAN
Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
© 2009 The Authors Journal compilation © RCOG 2009 BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 116, Issue 4, pages 545–551, March 2009
How to Cite
Westerhuis, M., van Horen, E., Kwee, A., van der Tweel, I., Visser, G. and Moons, K. (2009), Inter- and intra-observer agreement of intrapartum ST analysis of the fetal electrocardiogram in women monitored by STAN. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 116: 545–551. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2008.02092.x
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 18 FEB 2009
- Accepted 28 November 2008.
- fetal electrocardiogram;
- inter- and intra-observer agreement;
- ST analysis
Objective The objective of this study was to quantify inter- and intra-observer agreement on classification of the intrapartum cardiotocogram (CTG) and decision to intervene following STAN guidelines.
Design A prospective, observational study.
Setting Obstetrics Department of a tertiary referral hospital.
Population STAN recordings of 73 women after 36 weeks of gestation with a high-risk pregnancy, induced or oxytocin-augmented labour, meconium-stained amniotic fluid or epidural analgesia.
Methods Six observers classified 73 STAN recordings and decided if and when they would suggest an intervention. Proportions of specific agreement (Ps) and kappa values (K) were calculated.
Main outcome measures Agreement upon classification of the intrapartum CTG and decision to perform an intervention.
Results Agreement for classification of a normal and a (pre)terminal CTG was good (Ps range 0.50–0.84), but poor for the intermediary and abnormal CTG (Ps range 0.34–0.56). Agreement on the decision to intervene was higher, especially on the decision to perform ‘no intervention’ (Ps range 0.76–0.94). Overall inter-observer agreement on the decision to intervene was considered moderate in five of six observer combinations according to the kappa (K range 0.42–0.73). Intra-observer agreement for CTG classification and decision to intervene was moderate (K range 0.52–0.67 and 0.61–0.75).
Conclusions Inter-observer agreement on classification of the intrapartum CTG is poor, but addition of information regarding fetal electrocardiogram, especially in case of intermediary or abnormal CTG traces, results in a more standardised decision to intervene.