SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Cardiotocography;
  • fetal electrocardiogram;
  • inter- and intra-observer agreement;
  • ST analysis

Objective  The objective of this study was to quantify inter- and intra-observer agreement on classification of the intrapartum cardiotocogram (CTG) and decision to intervene following STAN guidelines.

Design  A prospective, observational study.

Setting  Obstetrics Department of a tertiary referral hospital.

Population  STAN recordings of 73 women after 36 weeks of gestation with a high-risk pregnancy, induced or oxytocin-augmented labour, meconium-stained amniotic fluid or epidural analgesia.

Methods  Six observers classified 73 STAN recordings and decided if and when they would suggest an intervention. Proportions of specific agreement (Ps) and kappa values (K) were calculated.

Main outcome measures  Agreement upon classification of the intrapartum CTG and decision to perform an intervention.

Results  Agreement for classification of a normal and a (pre)terminal CTG was good (Ps range 0.50–0.84), but poor for the intermediary and abnormal CTG (Ps range 0.34–0.56). Agreement on the decision to intervene was higher, especially on the decision to perform ‘no intervention’ (Ps range 0.76–0.94). Overall inter-observer agreement on the decision to intervene was considered moderate in five of six observer combinations according to the kappa (K range 0.42–0.73). Intra-observer agreement for CTG classification and decision to intervene was moderate (K range 0.52–0.67 and 0.61–0.75).

Conclusions  Inter-observer agreement on classification of the intrapartum CTG is poor, but addition of information regarding fetal electrocardiogram, especially in case of intermediary or abnormal CTG traces, results in a more standardised decision to intervene.