• 1
    O’Hara MW, Swain AM. Rates and risk of postpartum depression––a meta-analysis. Int Rev Psychiatry 1996;8:3754.
  • 2
    Cooper PJ, Campbell EA, Day A, Kennerley H, Bond A. Non-psychotic psychiatric disorder after childbirth. A prospective study of prevalence, incidence, course and nature. Br J Psychiatry 1988;152:799806.
  • 3
    Cox JL, Murray D, Chapman G. A controlled study of the onset, duration and prevalence of postnatal depression. Br J Psychiatry 1993;163:2731.
  • 4
    Kumar R, Robson KM. A prospective study of emotional disorders in childbearing women. Br J Psychiatry 1984;144:3547.
  • 5
    Chisholm D, Diehr P, Knapp M, Patrick D, Treglia M, Simon G. Depression status, medical comorbidity and resource costs. Evidence from an international study of major depression in primary care (LIDO). Br J Psychiatry 2003;183:12131.
  • 6
    Boath EH, Pryce AJ, Cox JL. Postnatal depression: the impact on the family. J Reprod Infant Psychol 1998;16:199203.
  • 7
    Lovestone S, Kumar R. Postnatal psychiatric illness: the impact on partners. Br J Psychiatry 1993;163:2106.
  • 8
    Murray L, Fiori-Cowley A, Hooper R, Cooper P. The impact of postnatal depression and associated adversity on early mother–infant interactions and later infant outcome. Child Dev 1996;67:251226.
  • 9
    Murray L, Sinclair D, Cooper P, Ducournau P, Turner P, Stein A. The socioemotional development of 5-year-old children of postnatally depressed mothers. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1999;40:125971.
  • 10
    Cogill S, Caplan H, Alexandra H, Robson K, Kumar R. Impact of maternal postnatal depression on cognitive development of young children. Br Med J 1986;292:11657.
  • 11
    Hearn G, Iliff A, Jones I, Kirby A, Ormiston P, Parr P, et al. Postnatal depression in the community. Br J Gen Pract 1998;48:10646.
  • 12
    Henshaw C, Elliott S. Screening For Perinatal Depression. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2005.
  • 13
    NICE. Antenatal and Post-natal Mental Health, The NICE Guideline on Clinical Management and Service Guidance. London: The British Psychological Society & The Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2007.
  • 14
    Hoffbrand SE, Howard L, Crawley H. Antidepressant treatment for post-natal depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001:CD002018.
  • 15
    Dennis CL, Creedy D. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for preventing postpartum depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2004:CD001134.
  • 16
    Howard LM, Hoffbrand SE, Henshaw C, Boath L, Bradley E. Antidepressant prevention of postnatal depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005:CD004363.
  • 17
    Dennis CL, Allen K. Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008:CD006795.
  • 18
    Dennis CL, Hodnett ED. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for treating postpartum depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007:CD006116.
  • 19
    Dennis CL, Ross LE, Grigoriadis S. Psychosocial and psychological interventions for treating antenatal depression. The Cochrane Library 2007;CD006309.
  • 20
    Pignone MP, Gaynes BN, Rushton JL, Burchell CM, Orleans CT, Mulrow CD, et al. Screening for depression in adults: a summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 2002;136:76576.
  • 21
    Gilbody S, Whitty P, Grimshaw J, Thomas R. Educational and organizational interventions to improve the management of depression in primary care: a systematic review. JAMA 2003;289:314551.
  • 22
    NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination. Making Cost Effectiveness Information Available: The NHS Economic Evaluation Database Project (CRD Report 6). York, UK: University of York, 1996.
  • 23
    Drummond M, O'Brien BJ, Stoddart GL, Torrance GW. Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • 24
    Evins GG, Theofrastous JP, Galvin SL. Postpartum depression: a comparison of screening and routine clinical evaluation. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000;182:10802.
  • 25
    MacArthur C, Winter HR, Bick DE, Knowles H, Lilford R, Henderson C, et al. Effects of redesigned community postnatal care on womens’ health 4 months after birth: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2002;359:37885.
  • 26
    Kung F, Lee I, Lee CP. Can midwife help in preventing depression in women at six weeks postpartum by early intervention? In: International Confederation of Midwives and Women Working Together for the Family of the World: ICM Proceedings; 2002 Apr 16; Vienna, Austria: 13 (CD ROM).
  • 27
    Webster J, Linnane J, Roberts J, Starrenburg S, Hinson J, Dibley L. IDentify, Educate and Alert (IDEA) trial: an intervention to reduce postnatal depression. BJOG 2003;110:8426.
  • 28
    Gilbody S, Sheldon T, Wessely S. Should we screen for depression? Br Med J 2006;332:102730.
  • 29
    Mant D, Fowler G. Mass screening: theory and ethics. Br Med J 1990;300:9168.
  • 30
    National Screening Committee. The UK National Screening Committee’s Criteria for Appraising the Viability, Effectiveness and Appropriateness of a Screening Programme. London: HMSO, 2003.
  • 31
    Shakespeare J. Screening: the role and recommendations of the UK National Screening Committee. In: HenshawC, ElliottS, editors. Screening for Perinatal Depression. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers; 2005. pp. 2133.
  • 32
    Morrell CJ, Spiby H, Stewart P, Walters S, Morgan A. Costs and effectiveness of community postnatal support workers: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2000;321:5938.
  • 33
    Boath E, Major K, Cox J. When the cradle falls II: The cost-effectiveness of treating postnatal depression in a psychiatric day hospital compared with routine primary care. J Affect Disord 2003;74:15966.
  • 34
    Appleby L, Hirst E, Marshall S, Keeling F, Brind J, Butterworth T, et al. The treatment of postnatal depression by health visitors: impact of brief training on skills and clinical practice. J Affect Disord 2003;77:26126.
  • 35
    Petrou S, Cooper P, Murray L, Davidson LL. Cost-effectiveness of a preventive counseling and support package for postnatal depression. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 2006;22:44353.