Randomised trial of structured antenatal training sessions to improve the birth process

Authors


  • Trial registration Clinical Trials NCT00323401

Dr RD Maimburg, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Bartholin Allé 2, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Email rmai@soci.au.dk

Abstract

Please cite this paper as: Maimburg R, Væth M, Dürr J, Hvidman L, Olsen J. Randomised trial of structured antenatal training sessions to improve the birth process. BJOG 2010;117:921–928.

Objective  To compare the birth process in nulliparous women enrolled in a structured antenatal training programme, ‘The Ready for Child’ programme, with women allocated to routine care.

Design  A randomised controlled trial.

Setting  A Danish university hospital.

Participants  Thousand hundred and ninety-three nulliparous women, recruited before week 22 + 0.

Methods  Compliance to the protocol was monitored by questionnaires sent to the women by email, and by data from the local birth cohort database. Data were analysed according to the ‘intention-to-treat’ principle.

Intervention  Women were randomised to receive 9 hours of antenatal training or no formalised training. Of the 1193 women, 603 were randomised to the intervention group and 590 were allocated to the reference group.

Main outcome measures  Cervix dilatation on arrival at the maternity ward, use of pain relief and medical interventions during the birth process, and the women’s birth experience.

Results  Women who attended the ‘Ready for Child’ programme arrived at the maternity ward in active labour more often than the reference group [relative risk (RR) 1.45, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.26–1.65, P < 0.01], and they used less epidural analgesia during labour (RR 0.84, 95% CI 0.73–0.97, P < 0.01) but not less pain relief overall (RR 0.99, 95% CI 0.94–1.04, P < 0.72). Medical interventions and the women’s self-reported birth experiences were similar in the two groups. We found no adverse effects of the intervention.

Conclusion  Attending the ‘Ready for Child’ programme may help women to cope better with the birth process. Adverse effects are few, if any.

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