More to teamwork than knowledge, skill and attitude
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2010
© 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © RCOG 2010 BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 117, Issue 10, pages 1262–1269, September 2010
How to Cite
Siassakos, D., Draycott, T., Crofts, J., Hunt, L., Winter, C. and Fox, R. (2010), More to teamwork than knowledge, skill and attitude. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 117: 1262–1269. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02654.x
- Issue published online: 16 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2010
- Accepted 1 June 2010. Published Online 7 July 2010.
- magnesium sulphate;
- multiple choice questions;
- obstetric labour complications;
- patient care team;
- safety attitudes;
- skills and attitudes;
Please cite this paper as: Siassakos D, Draycott T, Crofts J, Hunt L, Winter C, Fox R. More to teamwork than knowledge, skill and attitude. BJOG 2010;117:1262–1269.
Objective To assess whether team performance in simulated eclampsia is related to the knowledge, skills and attitudes of individual team members.
Design Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Simulation and Fire Drill Evaluation randomised controlled trial.
Setting Six secondary and tertiary maternity units in south-west England.
Participants One hundred and fourteen maternity professionals in 19 teams of six members; one senior and one junior obstetrician; two senior and two junior midwives.
Methods We validated a team performance ranking scheme with respect to magnesium administration (Magnesium Administration Rank, MAR) by expert consensus (face validity) and correlation with clinical measures (construct validity). We tested for correlation between MAR and measures of knowledge, skills and attitudes.
Main outcome measures Correlation between team performance (MAR) and scores in validated multiple-choice questionnaires (MCQs) (knowledge), a measure of individual manual skill to manage an obstetric emergency (skill) and scores in a widely used teamwork/safety attitude questionnaire (attitude).
Results There was no relationship between team performance and cumulative individual MCQs, skill or teamwork/safety attitude scores.
Conclusions The knowledge, manual skills and attitudes of the individuals comprising each team, measured by established methods, did not correlate in this study with the team’s clinical efficiency in the management of simulated eclampsia. The inference is that unidentified characteristic(s) play a crucial part in the efficiency of teams managing emergencies. Any emphasis of training programmes to promote individual knowledge, skills and attitudes alone may have to be re-examined. This highlights a need to understand what makes a team efficient in dealing with clinical emergencies.