Physical activity and gestational weight gain: a meta-analysis of intervention trials
Article first published online: 7 DEC 2010
© 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © RCOG 2010 BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Volume 118, Issue 3, pages 278–284, February 2011
How to Cite
Streuling, I., Beyerlein, A., Rosenfeld, E., Hofmann, H., Schulz, T. and von Kries, R. (2011), Physical activity and gestational weight gain: a meta-analysis of intervention trials. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 118: 278–284. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02801.x
- Issue published online: 12 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 7 DEC 2010
- Accepted 15 October 2010. Published Online 7 December 2010.
- weight gain
Please cite this paper as: Streuling I, Beyerlein A, Rosenfeld E, Hofmann H, Schulz T, von Kries R. Physical activity and gestational weight gain: a meta-analysis of intervention trials. BJOG 2011;118:278–284.
Background High gestational weight gain (GWG) has been found to be associated with a number of adverse perinatal and long-term outcomes.
Objectives We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to find out whether physical activity in pregnancy might help avoid high GWG.
Search strategy A literature search in relevant databases and an additional search by hand through bibliographies of various publications were performed.
Selection criteria We included randomised controlled trials on healthy women, with increased physical activity as the only intervention. GWG had to be documented for the intervention and control group separately.
Data collection and analysis Two reviewers independently extracted data and performed quality assessment. Data from the included trials were combined using a random-effects model. The effect size was expressed as mean difference (MD).
Main results Of 1380 studies identified, 12 trials met the inclusion criteria. In seven trials, GWG was lower in the exercise group compared with the control group, whereas five trials showed a lower GWG in the control groups. The meta-analysis resulted in an MD of GWG of −0.61 (95% CI: −1.17, −0.06), suggesting less GWG in the intervention groups compared with the control groups. We found no indication for publication bias or dose effects.
Author’s conclusions In summary, our analyses suggest that physical activity during pregnancy might be successful in restricting GWG.