SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Leighton BL, Halpern SH. The effects of epidural analgesia on labor, maternal, and neonatal outcomes: a systemic review. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;186(5 Suppl nature):S6977.
  • 2
    Anim-Somuah M, Smyth R, Howell C. Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005;4:CD000331.
  • 3
    Liu EH, Sia AT. Rates of caesarean section and instrumental vaginal delivery in nulliparous women after low concentration epidural infusion or opioid analgesia: systemic review. BMJ 2004;328:141020.
  • 4
    Sharma SK, McIntire DD, Wiley J, Leveno KJ. Labor analgesia and cesarean delivery: an individual patient meta-analysis of nulliparous women. Anesthesiology 2004;100:1428.
  • 5
    Sharma SK, Alexander JM, Messick G, Bloom SL, McIntire DD, Wiley J, et al. Cesarean delivery: a randomized trial of epidural analgesia versus intravenous meperidine analgesia during labor in nulliparous women. Anesthesiology 2002;96:54651.
  • 6
    Halpern SH, Muir H, Breen TW, Campbell DC, Barrett J, Liston R, et al. A multicenter randomized controlled trial comparing patient-controlled epidural with intravenous analgesia for pain relief in labor. Anesth Analg 2004;99:15328.
  • 7
    Wong CA, Scavone BM, Peaceman AM, McCarthy RJ, Sullivan JT, Diaz NT, et al. The risk of cesarean delivery with neuraxial analgesia given early versus late in labor. N Engl J Med 2005;352:65565.
  • 8
    Marucci M, Cinnella G, Perchiazzi G, Brienza N, Fiore T. Patient-requested neuraxial analgesia for labor: impact on rates of cesarean and instrumental vaginal delivery. Anesthesiology 2007;106:103545.
  • 9
    Friedman EA. Primigravid labor; a graphicostatistical analysis. Obstet Gynecol 1955;6:56789.
  • 10
    CBO-Richtlijn. Medicamenteuze pijnbehandeling tijdens de bevalling. Utrecht: CBO-Richtlijn, 2008.
  • 11
    Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG; for the PRISMA Group. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis: the PRISMA statement. BMJ 2009;339:b2535.
  • 12
    Jadad AR, Moore RA, Carroll D, Jenkinson C, Reynolds DJ, Gavaghan DJ, et al. Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: is blinding necessary? Control Clin Trials 1996;17:112.
  • 13
    Higgins JPT, Thompson SG. Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta-analysis. Stat Med 2002;21:153958.
  • 14
    Higgins JP, Thompson SG, Deeks JJ, Altman DG. Measuring inconsistency in meta-analysis. BMJ 2003;327:55760.
  • 15
    Viechtbauer W. Conducting meta-analysis in R with the metaphor package. J Stat Softw 2010;36:148.
  • 16
    Luxman D, Wolman I, Groutz A, Cohen JR, Lottan M, Pauzner D, et al. The effect of early epidural block administration on the progression and outcome of labor. Int J Obstet Anesth 1998;7:1614.
  • 17
    Ohel G, Gonen R, Vaida S, Barak S, Gaitini L. Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia in labor: does it increase the risk of cesarean section? A randomized trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006;194:6005.
  • 18
    Wong CA, McCarthy RJ, Sullivan JT, Scavone BM, Gerber SE, Yaghmour EA. Early compared with late neuraxial analgesia in nulliparous labor induction. A randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol 2009;113:106674.
  • 19
    Wang F, Shen X, Guo X, Peng Y, Gu X. Epidural analgesia in the latent phase of labor and the risk of cesarean delivery: a five-year randomized controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2009;111:87180.
  • 20
    Ohel G, Harats H. Epidural anesthesia in early compared with advanced labor. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 1994;45:2179.
  • 21
    National Collaborating Centre for Women and Children’s Health: induction of labour. NICE Clinical guideline 70. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Press, 2008. pp. 725.
  • 22
    Sharma SK, Alexander JM, Wiley J, McIntire DD, Leveno KJ. Effects of epidural analgesia in early labor on caesarean delivery. Anesthesiology 2003;1:34.
  • 23
    Vahratian A, Zhang J, Hasling J, Troendle JF, Klebanoff JF, Thorp JM Jr. The effect of early epidural versus early intravenous analgesia use on labor progression: a natural experiment. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004;191:25965.
  • 24
    Peisner DB, Rosen MG. Transition from latent to active labor. Obstet Gynecol 1986;68:44851.
  • 25
    Comparative Obstetric Mobile Epidural Trial (COMET) Study Group UK. Effect of low-dose mobile versus traditional epidural techniques on mode of delivery: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2001;358:1923.
  • 26
    Simmons SW, Cyna AM, Dennis AT, Hughes D. Combined spinal-epidural versus epidural analgesia in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;3:CD003401.