Achieving Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in India
Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology © 2011 RCOG
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Special Issue: International Reviews
Volume 118, Issue Supplement s2, pages 47–59, September 2011
How to Cite
Chatterjee, A. and Paily, V. (2011), Achieving Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in India. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 118: 47–59. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03112.x
- Issue published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 22 SEP 2011
- Accepted 21 July 2011.
- MMR India;
- IMR India;
- Under 5 mortality India.
Please cite this paper as: Chatterjee A, Paily VP. Achieving Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 in India. BJOG 2011;118 (Suppl. 2):47–59.
This review relates to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially MDGs 4 and 5, by India by the year 2015. India contributes the maximum number of maternal deaths (68 000) to the global estimate of 358 000 maternal deaths annually. Infant mortality rate (IMR) is also high at 50 per 1000 (2009). Low budgetary spending on health, poverty, lower literacy, poor nutritional status, rural–urban divide and lack of trained workers in the health sector are cited as reasons for a high maternal mortality ratio and IMR. Increased spending by the Government of India on the health sector has started to show encouraging results. Recent assessments by world bodies like the World Health Organisation have given hope that MDGs 4 and 5 are achievable.