Inclusion of preschool children with autism in Sweden: attitudes and perceived efficacy of preschool teachers
Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs © 2012 NASEN
Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs
How to Cite
Engstrand, R. Z. and Roll-Pettersson, L. (2012), Inclusion of preschool children with autism in Sweden: attitudes and perceived efficacy of preschool teachers. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-3802.2012.01252.x
- Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
This pilot study examined the relations among preschool teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of children with autism and perceived self-efficacy, as well as demographic characteristics such as teachers' work experience and educational background. The cohort consisted of 21 participants who had degrees in preschool education and worked with children with autism in general preschool/kindergarten settings in central Sweden. Data were collected using the Autism Attitude Scale for Teachers, the Teacher Efficacy Scale and a demographic survey. In general, findings revealed that preschool teachers held positive attitudes towards children with autism, and this was significantly related to the number of credits in special education taken during pre-service education. However, teachers showed neutral attitudes towards the inclusion of children with autism into general preschool classrooms. No relations were found between teachers' perceived self-efficacy and attitudes towards inclusion, although a relationship was found between participation in in-service training and efficacy to make decisions. Implications concerning early childhood education professional development and supervision are discussed.