Abstract— Intraperitoneal administration of both D- or L-tryptophan elevated the levels of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in the brains of hypophysectomized and intact rats. In intact rats, the increase in brain 5-hydroxyindoles was slower after D-tryptophan than after L-tryptophan. Similarly, brain tryptophan rose more slowly after administration of D-tryptophan. The uptake of L-tryptophan from blood into brain was at a rate about one-third that of 3H2O. D-tryptophan uptake was at 1/25 that of 3H2O. Brain and liver tryptophan aminotransferase activities were stereospecific for the L-isomer and no evidence could be found for a tryptophan racemase in brain. Evisceration prevented the increase in brain 5-hydroxyindoles following peripheral administration of D-tryptophan administration but not that after L-tryptophan. The serotonin ratios between the two brain regions examined remained constant following administration of either D- or L-tryptophan. On the basis of these results we concluded that the increase in brain 5-hydroxyindoles following administration of L-tryptophan was not dependent upon stress-induced changes in pituitary hormones and that the elevations after D-tryptophan were dependent upon its prior conversion to L-tryptophan via peripheral deamination and subsequent transamination.